Althing

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Latest revision as of 00:02, 16 January 2020

Althing
'''''

Type
Type Bicameral
Houses Lögrétta
Folkmōt
Leadership
'
'
Structure
Lögrétta: Jarldomen
Folkmōt: Nefndarmen
100
320
[[File:|300px]]  
'
Elections
Electoral system
Last election

[[File:|300px]]

The Althing or Althingi ([ælθɪŋ], Old Aedelish: Alþingi) is the national legislature (literally: "[the] all-thing", or general assembly) of Aedeland. The bicameral Althing may review any matter with legal immunity. It consists of an aristocratic deliberative parliament, known as the Lögrétta, and a democratic auditory assembly, known as the Folkmōt.

Lögrétta

The Lögrétta is the deliberative organ of government responsible for formulating legislation and is the aristocratic house of the Althing. It is considered a conservative and moderating force in Aedeland. Members of the the Lögrétta are known as Jarldomen, meaning chief man, and are meant to represent the eldest and wisest members of Aedelish society. The number of Jarldormen is set at one hundred and one and are selected every five years by staggered elections within each senior þing, known as a Héraþing, of each hundred- representing approximately 15,000 individuals. This is a deliberate removal from direct democracy to provide a measure of stability.

The eligibility requirements for Jarldormen are the highest of any office in Aedeland. A Jarldorman must be an elder and, as a result, must be a parent of a child who has reached the age of majority. Furthermore, he must be named chief man of his clan. This requirement is more stringent than it appears, as only an Ælderman, literally the elder man and typically the eldest among a clan’s men is made chief man. The requirement that legislators be fathers and chief men ensures that Jarldormen hold a vested interest in the consequences of their actions and helps ensure temperance and restraint in legislation. A strict single term limit is imposed as a bulwark against abuses of power and to ensure even the highest levels of government office remain free of tyranny. Finally, foreigners are prohibited from becoming a Jarldorman.

Procedures, including the selection of officers of the Lögrétta, are determined by rules established through custom and tradition. Perhaps the most important officer is the Lawspeaker chosen at the start of each annual session to preside over the Alþing and declaim the law. The Fører’s principal officers are appointed from among the Jarldormen by the Fører himself according to tradition. By custom, the Fører appoints a Freyrherji, or Lord Martial, to oversee the war office, known as the Styrkene, an Utenlandsk Sekretær, or Foreign Secretary, to oversea foreign affairs, and a Hjem Sekretær, or Home Secretary, to oversea domestic affairs. The opposition leader, known as the Freyrskygge, or Shadow Lord, appoints his own officers to form the opposition council.

The Lögrétta has several powers enumerated by the Constitution. The Lögrétta has the power to raise revenue, establish weights and measures, grant patents, to punish piracy, declare war, grant letters of Marque and Reprisal, call the militia into service. By law the Lögrétta must produce an annually balanced budget.

Folkmōt

The Folkmōt, meaning ‘meeting of the people’, is the auditory organ of Aedelant government that serves as the democratic and populust house of the Althing. Members, known as Nefndarmen, are popularly elected every year for a two year term. Currently there are three hundred and twenty members each representing about five thousand individuals as determined by the last census. A census for this purpose is to be taken every seven years in what is known as the release year, frihetsåret.

The eligibility requirements of Nefndarmen is less restrictive. A Nefndarman needs only to be the age of majority and reside within the hundred he represents. The age of majority, sixteen, is also the age of license in Aedeland. Upon reaching the age of majority, all rights, privileges, and responsibilities are assumed.

The Folkmōt elects an Ákærir who presides over its meetings and maintains order. Committees are formed to perform investigations. The size of the committee varies as needed. A majority leader and a minority leader of the two largest factions each determine half the committee members. If a committee investigation reveals wrongdoing, a Nefndarmen may be appointed as Andstæðingurinn, confirmed by a simple majority of the Folkmōt, to be empowered with the authority of the Folkmōt to further investigate and indict.

The Folkmōt has only two powers: to veto any legislation and impeach any government officer.

National Factions

Party Name Short name Leader Foundation Date Position Ideology Lögrétta Folkmōt
Aedelmåte Traditionalist Wægn Kayesson 7459 Centre-right Right wing populism
Traditionalism
Christian right
Conservatism
Libertarianism
Classical liberalism
Agrarianism
Anti-business
Anti-immigration
Anti-globalism
20 64
Andres Socialist Hrothgar Biarnarsson 7519 Left-wing Marxism
Socialism
Syndicalism
Trotskyism
Trade Unionism
Pro-immigration
Pro-globalization
0 30
Arbeidskraft Labor Grímr Bǫrkrsson 7492 Centre-left Left-wing populist
Trade unionism
Syndicalism
Anti-immigration
Anti-globalization
19 60
Forn-leið Conservative Vilhjálmr Ambrosiuss 7499 Right-wing Liberal Conservatism
Conservatism
Anti-immigration
Anti-globalization
29 58
Kommúnisti Aedelandi Communist Biǫrn Vigfusson 7522 Far-left Communism 0 2
Liberale Liberal Hrodebert Hakonsson 7559 Centre-right Classical liberalism
Libertarianism
Pro-business
Civic Nationalism
Minarchism
22 46
Nasjonalist Nationalist Ásgerðr Ásgerðarsson 7511 Far-right Right wing populism
Ethnic nationalism
Isolationist
Anti-immigration
Anti-globalization
7 30
Natura Green Ásgerðr Ásgerðarsson 7422 Left-wing Collectivist

Orkanist
Environmentalism
Eco-socialism
0 3
Videresend Progressive Svein Sveinsson 7512 Left-wing Progressivism
Radical centrism
Populism
Activism
Democratic socialism
Pro-immigration
Pro-globalization
4 27
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