Anisora

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Impero Anisoro
Imperium Anisoranum
Anisoran Empire
Flag of Anisora   Coat of Arms of Anisora
Flag of Anisora Imperial Coat of Arms
State Motto Sequens Viam Vindi, Floremus (Following the Path of Vind, we thrive)
 • Anglis {{{nation_motto_ingliz}}}
State Anthem 'Imperium Auri'
 • Anglis {{{nation_anthem_ingliz}}}
Where in the world is Anisora?
Official language Pastanan, Anisoran
Founding Date 9 September 7367
Demonym Anisoran
Government
 • Type
 • Emperor
   • Prime Minister
   

 
Federal Constitutional Monarchy
Marius III 
 P. Alessandro Nicotera-Sarno

Capital Pena
Administrative Divisions 41 Constituent States
Largest City Pena
Area
 • Total
 • % water

 
995,353 km² (384,308 sq mi)
 %

Population
 • Total
 • Growth Rate
 • Density

 
46,281,835

48.44/km² (/sq mi)

GDP
 • Total
 • GDP/capita
 • Growth Rate

 
1,012,107,107 ₲
21.87 ₲
 %

Currency

Grana (𝓰)

Time Zones
(AMT )
Trigraph ANS

The Anisoran Empire (Anisoran: Impero Anisoro; Pastanan: Imperium Anisoranum), commonly known as Anisora, is a constitutional monarchy situated in central-western Anaria bordering the Medio Sea. The Empire is separated by the Sea of Cestarena and the Medio Sea into two parts, the Eastern and Western territories. The majority of Anisoran land and population is situated in the West in Anaria Minor, where the North Bhazen Mountains (known as the Garda Mountains in Anisora) form the western border of the Empire. The remainder of Anisoran territory is made up of hundreds of Median islands as well as the entire Cadrai Peninsula, commonly known as Pastana, which extends out from Northern Anaria Major and borders Ardennes. The Empire covers an area of 776,597 km² (299,846 sq mi) and has a highly diverse climate, due to the Empire's geographic spread across the Medio and Anaria Minor. With over 46 million inhabitants it is currently the seventh most populous nation in Anaria.

According to the constitution, Anisora is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government. The current monarch is Emperor Marius III, who has reigned since 7 July 7553. The Empire is made up of 41 Constituent States, most of which are ruled by royal families. These include four Grand Principalities, eight Principalities, two Arch-duchies, seventeen Duchies, four Dependent Islands, and six Free Cities. The largest of which is the Grand Principality of Casella and has remained the most politically dominant state since the Empire's foundation. The capital of Anisora and its largest city is Pena, which is also the capital of Casella. Other major cities include Valance, Arrento, Tenalevan, Pilano, Valamaggiore, Marocida and Pandagna.

In 7367 Anisora became a nation state when Marius Decus won the Anisoran Civil War and was crowned Emperor of the Anisorans, uniting the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana with most of the Anisoran speaking lands in Tova and the Confederation of Vetriano under a single constitution. The establishment of the Empire was the fulfilment of long-held desires to see an Anisoran state realised with the rise of Anisoran nationalism during the 74th century. During the Marian Era under the successive rule of Marius I and Marius II, Anisoran power increased in Anaria Minor and the Medio Sea, which brought Anisora into conflict with other great powers including Auresia, Amberia, Anat Tahan and Becuvitatia. Although much of the territory gained in Anaria-Minor was ultimately lost after the Pan-Anarian War, Anisora remains a great Anarian power today, and has recently recovered from many post-war economic hardships.

Today Anisora is considered one of the cultural powerhouses of Gotha, with her languages, art, literature, architecture, music, history and scholarship being widespread and very influential throughout the world. Anisora is one of the academic centres of Gotha and her universities and schools are amongst the most highly regarded institutions in Anaria, with aristocrats from across Gotha often sending their children to Anisoran schools and universities. Anisora has been continuously the home of influential artists, philosophers, writers, musicians, sportspeople, scientists, engineers, and inventors.

Contents

Etymology

According to the foundation myth of the Empire, the name Anisora is said to have come from the Empire's first emperor Anisor, as is narrated by the epic poem the Anisiad. However, some sceptical scholars question this and rather hypothesise that the name comes from the archaic word Anirar, meaning People of Ania, an area situated in northern Pastana Province. However, the tradition remains the most agreed upon etymological possibility.

History

Main Article: History of Anisora
- Work in progress

Prehistory

The early inhabitants of Anisoran lands and the Southern Medio Sea are believed to have migrated from Northern Tharna around 35-40 thousand years ago. Early archaeological evidence suggests that the indigenous Anisoran populations of the Cadrai Peninsula and the Pasticello Islands were early adopters of a maritime culture, with extensive reliance on fishing and other seafaring activities. The introduction of agriculture by the Karsk people from Eastern Anaria lessened this reliance, however a strong maritime culture remained at the periphery of the Medio Sea.

The ancient peoples of pre-Pastanan Anisora - such as the Ormerrians, the Ulbrians, the Dalmarites and the Pastarians, and many others - were Anario-Jørven peoples. The Karsk people are the most dominant ethnic group in Anisora, originally from central Anaria, with the Athves people making up the largest indigenous population of Western Anisoran lands in Anaria Minor.

Early Antiquity

A rare Dajorinian painting of a goddess from Fingoritia.

Anisoran lands were home to some of the earliest recorded civilisations in Anaria, beginning with the Herrite civilisation on the Herrian Islands (territory 1194) between 500 and 2000RH and then the Dajorinian civilisation on the mainland of the Cadrai Peninsula around 1700-2400RH. The Dajorinian civilisation was the first to develop a writing system, although it is only partly deciphered, called Pictorial 2. The Dajorinians slowly absorbed the Herrites but eventually collapsed around 2400RH due to mass migrations and invasions by the Apporrian peoples of modern day Ardennes. Civilisation in the region subsequently underwent a period of stagnation and collapse, often called the Cadrian Dark Age where no archaeological and written records survive.

The Dark Age ended around 3200RH1 with the emergence of strong and increasingly advanced city states and small kingdoms across the Cadrian Peninsula and Pasticello and Pequinella Islands. During this time, known as the Cadrian Colonial Period, these kingdoms and city states spread across the Medio Sea and established many colonies, securing resources and trading opportunities with other Median civlisations. The colonies during this period spread as far west as the Western Strait and Achilleio and as far east as the Hattaro Straits and the Aeylish Sea. These individual city states enjoyed a cultural and scientific boom, with philosophy, architecture, art, literature, mathematics, astronomy and drama flourishing during this period. The classical historian Barillotus in his monumental work The History of the Cadrian People (Pastanan: Historia Gentis Cadriani) written around 4986RH under the Pastanan Empire gives an extensive account of the city states that dotted the Medio during this period including founding stories and myths as well as narratives of important wars. He explains:

The ancient peoples of the Cadrian lands and islands spread across the Medio sea, spreading their culture and way of life the full breadth of what is now our Empire. The Cadrian languages were spoken in far off lands and the warships of the city states knew few alien shores, for the entire centre of the world was under their power. [...] 293 cities and towns paid homage to Etullia, for the city was unchallenged in war and peace.a

The Etullian Empire (3600-3850RH) was the largest and longest lived imperial hegemony over the Central Median lands, which saw the city-state of Etullia on the north-western Cadrian mainland conquer large swathes of the Cadrai Peninsula as well as many islands throughout the Medio. It primarily operated as a tributary system, whereby islands and cities across the Medio paid homage and tribute to the city of Etullia in the form of gold and silver.b Under the Etullians the arts and sciences continued to flourish, particularly drama, and Cadrian culture spread further across Northern Anaria.

Pastanan Empire

Dragar Monopoly

Main Article: Dragar Monopoly

Orkanan Era

Kingdoms of Pastana and Casella

Cadrian Republic

Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana

Main Article: Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana

Anisoran Civil War

Main Article: Anisoran Civil War

Anisoran Empire

Confederation of Vetriano

Main Article: Confederation of Vetriano
The Dual Kingdom and its client states of the Confederation of Vetriano in 7366.

The Tovan states in modern-day Western Anisora have traditionally been a fractured region, made up of a patchwork of independent and semi-independent states going back centuries. During the 73rd and 74th centuries, the Kingdoms of Pastana and Casella fought for influence and direct control over these states. By the mid 74th century and the outbreak of the Anisoran Civil War, most of these states were under the direct influence of the Dual Kingdom. However, as a result of the civil war, many of these states were forced to pick a side, although many tried to stay neutral as long as possible. By 7364, Marius, Duke of Marra had crushed the loyalist forces under Giulia, Duchess of Pensano at the Battle of Borginesca. After the loyalist army fled across the Medio to Pastana, Marius had undisputed control over Western Anisora and wished to cement his hold over the Tovan states, many of whom had sided against him in the war.

The Duke of Marra's first move into the region in the aftermath of Borginesca was to accept the surrender of those states and their princes and dukes that had declared for Princess Giulia and had provided troops to the loyalist army. Chief among these was the influential King Alfonso II of Matrignano and Prince Ferrando IV of the Principality of Vattoro. After Prince Ferrando surrendered to the Duke, the aged King Alfonso was still defiant, but was eventually relieved of command by a mutiny amongst his forces and was placed under house arrest by Marius. Marshal T. Luigi Orsiani (later known as the Prince of Tamaricciola) was installed as military governor of Matrignano and the Kingdom was secured as the most important client state of Marius Decus' growing empire.

With all resistance in Tova being quashed by the Duke's marshals by mid-August, on 18 August 7364 Marius summoned all the leaders of the Tovan states to Vetriano Castle. When the rulers were under arrest by Decus, or were with the loyalist army in Pastana, pro-Decus aristocrats were elevated as official representatives of their state, although they largely played lip-service to their respective military governors. At the Castle, Marius signed the Treaty of Vetriano, named after the Castle in which it was signed, followed by all the representatives of the Tovan states, thus establishing the Confederation of Vetriano. According to the constitution of the Treaty, Marius was declared Grand Master of the Confederation, who oversaw all military and foreign policy decisions, with all other major decisions being decided by the Council of Princes (made up of the heads of state or official representatives), which would sit at unspecified intervals under the supervision of the Grand Master. The Treaty was ratified after Marius' coronation as King of Pastana and Casella in 7365, with all member states sending representatives to the coronation to swear allegiance to the new King. The Confederation would only be in existence for three years, it being dissolved when the member states became constituent states of the Anisoran Empire in 7367.

Pan-Anarian War

Main Article: Pan-Anarian War and Anisora in the Pan-Anarian War
Anisoran troops from the 4th Imperial Casellan Rifles during the Battle of Chamotayk (7507).

The Anisoran Empire entered the war in support of its principal ally the Auresian Empire and the desire to resist Hellish encroachment into the Medio Sea, which Anisora viewed as principally her sphere of strategic influence. Although many within the Anisoran Senate protested Willem II of Auresia's decision to harass Hellish shipping through the Hattaro Straits, citing concerns of Auresian breaches of neutrality, when relations deteriorated and Helreich declared war on Auresia, Emperor Titus I and his Prime Minister Ermino Viantriola supported Willem II and in turn declared war on Helreich on 7 April 7498, in line with the Second Amicizia Accord (signed in 7494) which established a defensive alliance between the two empires. The following day Anisora signed the Treaty of Aschgæt and formally declared war on the United League, although she was already at war with Helreich at the treaty's signing.

The Anisoran Empire played a significant role in the worldwide conflict for the entire length of the fifty-four year war. The Tahani Front, also known as the Western Front, fought in the open spaces of Anaria Minor, saw some of the bloodiest fighting of the war and was the longest unbroken frontline in military history. The Tahani Front, contrasting the Auresian Front in Hattaria and other smaller fronts in the east, saw the vast armies of Anat Tahan and the Anisoran Empire, alongside their respective allied armies, advance and retreat in one of the most mobile frontlines of the war. Famous battles fought on the Tahani Front include: the Battle of Mallaro Ridge (1st Bahzen Campaign, 7499); the Battle of Laneka (1st Bahzen Campaign, 7503, arguably Anisora's greatest military defeat of the war); the Battle of Akhtalik (2nd Bahzen Campaign, 7505); the Battle of Chamotayk (Paranat Offensive, 7507, the bloodiest battle in Anisoran military history and Giulio Naramacora's most famous battle)...

The 1st and 2nd Battle Squadrons of the Home Fleet (Flotta Nazionale), sailing in the Sinean Sea in 7542.

At the outbreak of war in 7498, the Anisoran Imperial Navy, the Marina Imperiale, was one of the largest and most effective navies in Anaria. While not as large as the Reichsmarine of Helreich or the Reiksarmada of Amberia, the Marina Imperiale was a formidable force and operated a large surface fleet of dreadnought battleships and battlecruisers with bases throughout the Medio and across Gotha. The Marina Imperiale played a vital role in offsetting Hellish naval supremacy in Anaria and fought in the principal naval engagements of the war, at the Battle of X and X. Anisora maintained considerable influence over combined allied naval engagements and strategy throughout the war, including commanding the Combined Allied Fleet at the Battle of X under the command of Admiral Sir Domenico Poranatti.

On 10 June 7498 Anisora sent the Anisoran Expeditionary Force (FSA) to Hattaria in Auresia, two corps made up of 60,000 troops, initially under the command of Sir Giulio Narmacora, later Chief Marshal and Commander-in-Chief of Anisoran Forces. The Anisoran Expeditionary Force was the first foreign army to arrive in Auresia and played a major role in the immediate aftermath of the Fall of Impport in late June, the Siege of Oseidon and the Battle of X before both Amberian and Aldsegian reinforcements arrived in Hattaria. The FSA remained in Auresia for much of the war and proved the commitment of Anisora to fighting the Hellish on the Auresian Front, although the number of troops did not increase by much, despite requests by the Auresian High Command.

Much like most countries which fought in the Pan-Anarian War, Anisora was beset with economic difficulties throughout the war which continued into the decades after the war. The government debt reached staggering amounts by the end of the war and the subsequent recession, and combined with rising inflation and widespread unemployment during the 7550's, Anisora faced economic ruin. Together with the rising nationalist movements in Anisoran territories in Anaria Minor and the independence those regions gained in the postwar settlements and treaties, Anisora lost much of her power and influence as a result of the Pan-Anarian War, although she is still considered an Anarian Great Power, retaining a well-respected (if diminished) navy, and increasing influence in Anarian and global trade.

Geography

Anisora is a nation split into two parts, East and West, separated by the West Medio Sea. The Eastern Province of Pastana is situated on the Cadrai Peninsula, jutting out of Northern Anaria Major into the Medio Sea. The Pasticello Islands litter the central Medio Sea and bridge the gap to the Western Anisoran lands. The Western Provinces (Occidenia, Alcannora) are located along the Merigno-Tsova Coast, known as the Ballacco Coast in Anisora, extending north to the Western Strait, with the Pequinella Islands spread across the east coast further south.

Abbadia in central Alcannora, looking south towards the Durivinian Mountains.

The country's total area is 466,789 km² (290,049 sq mi), of which 456,239 km² is land and 10,550 km² is water. Due to its highly indented coastline and numerous islands, Anisora has one of the longest coastlines in the world at over 19,000 km² and dominates the central Medio Sea. The longest river in Anisora is the Fratta river (731km/454mi) which flows from the Garda Mountains in the West through Madesimo region in Occidenia and empties into Vezza Bay and the Sea of Derutta.

The Emennine Mountains form the Cadrai Peninsula's (commonly known synonymously with Pastana) backbone, where Anisora's highest point is located on Monte Timeroni (1,930m/6332 ft). In the West the Durivinian Mountains in the South establish the South-western border while the Garda Mountains establish the West and North West border. Anisora is generally very fertile, although there are some areas that are rocky and unsuitable for any intensive agriculture due to the high temperatures and geological composition of those areas, notably the Pasticello islands and some areas of the Alcannoran coast. Areas such as Jelumbria in eastern Pastana and Sicciara in southern Occidenia are amongst the most fertile, sporting some of the most productive farm land in the Medio.

Islands

Main Article: Islands of Anisora

Anisora features a vast number of islands dotted across the Medio Sea. The number varies from between 1,500 to over 7,000 depending on the definition, of which 381 are inhabited. The largest island is Pizzoni, found in the Pasticello island chain, extending north-west into the Western Medio Sea. The second largest and most populous island is Cerola, located directly north of Urbs Civitas in the East Medio Sea.

The islands are traditionally organised into the following groups within the larger groupings of the Pasticello and Pequinella Islands: the Pilanno islands (1174) bridging the Comolla Strait in the Sea of Cestarena between East and West Anisora; the Marinellan islands (sometimes also called the Rinotelli islands) (1175) making up the central Median islands, including Pizzoni; the Defficorani islands in the Padanic gulf; Cerola, made up of the main Cerola island as well as smaller accompanying islands north of the Selvetta region; Kelloria (1194) made up of the Neblan islands in the South Medio Sea; the Nepolades (1140) in the Nenorannic gulf; the Clannurian islands (1138, 1139), made up of the islands on the northern coast of Alcannora Province; and the Taclarian islands (1136, 1137) in the Sea of Derutta.

Climate

Due to Anisora's spread across the Medio Sea, the climate of the country is highly diverse. The significant coastal areas around Pastana, Alcannora and the Median islands are classified as having a Median climate, with often very hot summers and mild winters. Conditions on peninsular coastal areas can be very different from the interior's higher ground and valleys as in Pastana, particularly during the winter months when the higher altitudes tend to be cold, wet, and sometimes snowy. The coastal regions have mild winters and warm and generally dry summers, although lowland valleys can be quite hot in summer. The North-West is different still, with northern Occidenia having much more varied weather, with often harsh winters and hot summers. The entire Merigno-Tsova coast (Western Anisora) is known for its frequent summer thunderstorms, particularly common in Alcannora. Average winter temperatures vary from around 3°C in the Northern Garda Mountains to around 12°C in Southern Pastana and Kelloria.

Politics

Government

Main Article: Government of Anisora

Foreign Relations

Main Article: Foreign Relations of Anisora

Official foreign policy is determined by the emperor, working with the Brother-Tribune for Foreign Affairs and the wider Tribunate for Foreign Affairs and HAIM Diplomatic Service. Anisora maintains diplomatic relations with most powers in Anaria and many other nations throughout Gotha, and maintains embassies in many of those nations. The general aim of Anisoran foreign policy is to promote peace in the aftermath of the Pan-Anarian War and encourage cultural and economic exchange and growth throughout Gotha.

Military

Main Article: Military of Anisora

The Imperial Armed Forces is the collective body of the entire Anisoran military, which include: Imperial Land Force; Imperial Navy; Imperial Air Force; and Imperial Special Service.

The Armed Forces are headed by His August Imperial Majesty Marius III as Emperor and Head of State. He holds the title Imperator over the Imperial Land Forces, thus acting as Supreme Marshall and Commander, while the other branches of the military are delegated to various members of the Imperial Family and wider government appointees. The Imperial Navy, for example, is headed by the Imperator Classis, normally held by the incumbent emperor's brother or uncle.

The Anisoran military is an institution of considerable influence and pride within and without the empire. Centuries, and according to the Anisorans themselves, millennia of tradition has placed the military at the heart of the state. Consequently, military leaders and administrators hold considerable political and cultural influence within the Empire, often holding senatorial office simultaneously with their command. Anisora has had a long tradition of military aggressive leadership, which allowed them to gain a considerable land and naval empire. The Pan-Anarian War, however, reduced the capabilities of the Imperial Armed Forces considerably, and the Empire has yet to fully recover. However, Anisora maintains a sizeable and well-trained military, and it's officers are considered amongst the finest in the world.

Anisoran Colonial Empire

Main Article: Anisoran Colonial Empire

The Anisoran Colonial Empire (Pastanan: Imperium Coloniarium Anisoranum; Anisoran: Impero Coloniale Anisorano) is made up of the collected dominions, colonies, protectorates and other territories across Gotha ruled or administered by Anisora. The Empire originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established at the beginning of the eighth millennium and currently comprises lands and peoples across four continents. The Empire's height came in the 75th century after the expansionist Victorian period increased Anisoran influence and territory throughout Gotha. However, the Pan-Anarian War severely weakened Anisora and her ability to expand and hold her existing empire. During this extensive period of war a number of Anisoran possessions were lost or diminished in size.

Anisoran overseas possessions are spread throughout Gotha, acquired over the centuries through warfare, colonial settlement and diplomatic domination. The current composition of the Empire is as follows:

  • Imperial Dominions:
  • Company Colonies:
  • Protectorates and Client Nations:

Administrative Divisions

Main Article: Administrative Divisions of Anisora

The administrative divisions of Anisora are complex and exist on many different levels, reflecting the historic patchwork of traditionally independent and semi-autonomous territories that fell under the successive rule of the Kingdom of Pastana, Kingdom of Casella, the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana and the Anisoran Empire. Territories are not necessarily contiguous and many exist in several parts (enclaves and exclaves or scattered islands), as a result of historical acquisitions, traditional Orkanan administration, or, in several cases, divisions of the ruling family trees. Although many of these states are semi-autonomous and retain their own government and head of state, many have been subject to increasing centralisation by the imperial government and have fewer powers than other states.

In recent years there have been calls from within and without the Anisoran imperial government to overhaul the, as many describe it, outdated and overly complex current formulation of the many territories within the Empire. Many would argue that the increasing centralisation of government over the last century has made many of these divisions particularly redundant and reflects the Empire at its foundation in the late seventy-fourth century rather than its current manifestation.2

Constituent States

Main Article: Constituent states of the Anisoran Empire

There are currently 41 constituent states within the Empire proper (excluding colonial states), the largest of which is the Grand Principality of Casella, and the smallest is the Free City of Valamaggiore. These constituent states take different forms and each have their own head of state as well as seats in the Federal Assembly, which gives them representation at an imperial level. Most territories are ruled by royal families, although all the Free Cities operate republican-style governments. Constituent states range from the largest and most important states, the four grand principalities, through to lesser principalities, arch-duchies and duchies, to the smallest territories of the Empire, the dependent islands and Free Cities. The 41 constituent states include four Grand Principalities, eight Principalities, two Arch-duchies, seventeen Duchies, four Dependent Islands, and six Free Cities.

Flag Coat of Arms Name Capital Head of State Population Area
Grand Principalities
Grand Principality of CasellaPena Marius III, Grand Prince of Casella 21,945,782 282,768 km²
Grand Principality of PastanaValance Prince Titus, Grand Prince of Pastana 3,176,256 119,820 km²
Grand Principality of Lusava and Vascano Tenalevan Marius III, Grand Prince of Lusava and Vascano 5,675,417 181,302 km²
Grand Principality of Matrignano Larzo Michele XI, Grand Prince of Matrignano Population Area
Lesser Principalities
Principality of MaronaTorrioponte Marius III, Prince of Marona 1,008,655 21,103km²
Principality of Pensano Alessandro III, Prince of Pensano Population Area
Principality of Torzarola Parrone Raphael II, Prince of Torzarola Population Area
Principality of Vattoro Fontanigorna Emmanuele V, Prince of Vattoro Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Principality of Valbiano Panzato Maria Valentina, Princess of Valbiano 456,238 11,256 km²
Flag Coat of Arms Principality of Sogliano Datalano Tiberia Maria, Princess of Sogliano Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Principality of Parrona Adriano , Prince of Parona Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Principality of Kelloria Ferrando, Prince of Kelloria Population Area
Arch-Duchies
Flag Coat of Arms Archduchy of Valmoresca Vittorio III, Archduke of Valmoresca Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Archduchy of Montagnola XX, Archduke of Montagnola Population Area
Duchies
Duchy of Dorniella Portemala Egidio, Duke of Dorniella Population Area
Duchy of Montemara Pitala Adriano, Duke of Montemara Population Area
Duchy of Torzarolo-Arese Arese Lucciana Bella, Duchess of Torzarolo-Arese Population Area
Duchy of Torzarolo-Filetta Tianna Gaius Brutus, Duke of Torzarolo-Filetta Population Area
Duchy of Torzarolo-Petina-Zava Petina Alberta Julia, Duchess of Torzarolo-Petina-Zava Population Area
Duchy of Vecarri Talenza Guiliano Ajas-Anstegen e Monderola,
Duke of Vecarri
Population Area
Duchy of Viceno Viceno Alberto Vincente, Duke of Viceno Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Duchy of Piandetta XX, Duke of Piandetta Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Duchy of Montevalle Lomagna Clarissa, Duchess of Montevalle Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Duchy of Panzolla Panzolla Sabina Maria, Duchess of Panzolla Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Duchy of Carini Frassileta Vincenzo Mario, Duke of Carini Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Duchy of Marucchella XX, Duke of Marucchella Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Duchy of Piancolora XX, Duke of Piancolora Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Duchy of Alzana XX, Duke of Alzana Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Duchy of Mardella-Arpaia XX, Duke of Mardella-Arpaia Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Duchy of Croviano XX, Duke of Croviano Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Duchy of Brignole XX, Duke of Brignole Population Area
Dependent Islands
Flag Coat of Arms Fazagoria Toralatta Lord Marcello of Fazagoria Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Sobrano Portesobrana Lady Ginerva of Sobrano Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Tarisasca and Verolo Moastinella Lady Luciana D'Ella of Tarisasca and Verolo Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Tino Population Area
Free Cities
Flag Coat of Arms Free City of Valamaggiore Valamaggiore Lady Arabella D'Alenzo Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Free City of Pandagna Pandagna Lord Marco Rasinalizani Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Free City of Marocida Marocida Lord Guiseppe Aberto of Marocida Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Free City of Fabrigna Fabrigna Lord Sergio Terzo of Fabrigna Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Free City of Darcole Darcole Lady Teresa Mirella of Darcole Population Area
Flag Coat of Arms Free City of Vastoira Vastoira Lord Luigi Pacorna of Vastoira Population Area

✻ Constituent States which are de jure semi-autonomous but with members of the Imperial Family as head of state and thus de facto come under the direct authority of the imperial government.

Culture

Main Article: Culture of Anisora

Anisora's culture has been influenced heavily by the nation's sense of history and primacy in ancient times and the culture which emerged as a result. The Anisoran people take huge pride in their cultural heritage and it remains an extremely influential culture across Gotha today. It has remained one of the most significant proponents of Eastern culture and established much of the shared heritage nations across Anaria enjoy.

Anisoran literature, language, art, architecture, music, theatre, fashion and media are very influential and widely respected throughout Gotha. The humanities and the 'Arts' have always been Anisora's claim to fame within Gotha, from ancient times right up until the modern day. The nation's Peratolian Orkananism also means the Arts are seen as a vitally important aspect of religion and the worship of Vind. The notion of true civilisation is also very important to Anisoran culture, and the people maintain a proud belief that their culture was one of the first, if not the first, truly civilised nations in Anaria.

Literature

Modern portrait of Pello. The father of Anisoran literature.
Main Article: Anisoran Literature

Anisoran literature is world famous and over the history of the Anisoran peoples, harking back to Ancient Pastana, the lands have produced some of most revered and respected authors, poets and playwrights in history. At the modern foundation of Anisora, the nation inherited the illustrious tradition of ancient Pastanan literature, which the people see as fundamental to their modern cultural identity and as such has proved the basis for a considerable amount of modern Anisoran literature and wider culture.

The most influential ancient writers include the epic poet Pello and his epic poem the Anisiad, which charts in dactylic hexameter the legendary foundations of the Empire of Anisora. His poem is the quintessential example of Anisoran literature and has been studied across the world for centuries. Other influential ancient poets include the 'Aurei' Poets of the 53rd and 54th centuries, including Aullus and Jerronius.

Modern Anisoran literature is very popular throughout Gotha, especially novels and stage plays (and in particular tragedies, comedies and histories). Some of the most famous modern Anisoran novels include D. Alfredo Picano's Staring at Birds and Dearest, G. Bella Rivellorri's Cathedral Hearts, A. Cornelio Petti's No Less an Empire, R. Enrica Franchino's Leaves of Winter and Columns, N. Matthias Gaudino's White Crows and L. Michela Bottari's The Journey Long. Influential tragedies include: L. Dario Caprio's Philomines and Ships of State, F. Tullius Pegammus' Women of Pheloa and A. Silvius Querrimus' Penan Halls and Fathers; and comedies include: R. Ermenegildo Mizzi's An Ostentatious Journey and Mannerisms, which famously mocks the Anarian aristocracy, and Q. Francesco Nicolella's Felipe.

Visual Arts

The Coronation of Marius I by the neolitteralist L. Tullius Gotta.
Portrait of Benedetto by Alonso Sarno

Ancient Anisoran art, particularly in Pastana, has been the largest of these influences. Marsian sculpture of the 48th-50th centuries represents the highest 'classical' style. Marisan sculpture is dominated by marble portraiture and figurative studies, often nudes, of figures from Ancient Anisoran mythology and pagan belief. These sculptures have greatly influenced modern Anisoran sculptors, in particular those of the Praeclarum movement. The skill and dignified style of the ancient sculptures were fundamental in bringing about the Praeclarum cultural movement, which saw an artistic revolution sweep across Anaria.

The Praeclarum Movement began around the mid-73rd century and slowly picked up momentum, helped considerably in Anisora by the Decan Programme of emperor Marius I in the late 74th century. Amongst the most famous figures to come out of the Anisoran Praeclarum movement was the artist Benedetto. Benedetto had an illustrious career under Decan patronage, and he soon rose to become the most famous artist of his time.

The traditional classical styles, while still being revered, are not the only styles available to modern Anisoran artists. Of particular significance are the Marriates, whose modern treatments of traditional themes, most notably landscapes, put Anisora at the forefront of modern art. Amberian impressionism has also proved to be very influential on Anisoran artists, including the painters D. Vallio Gullo and Q. Savina Portelli. More conservative innovations include the hugely popular Neolitterialistic style of the late 75th century.


Music

Anisora has produced many notable composers and musical styles, particularly during the 75th century. The Anisoran national anthem Imperium Auri (Empire of Gold) was composed by T. Fulvius Sastatius in 7467 during a time of great patriotism in music. Other patriotic songs to have been produced at this time include L. Luca Vitella's 7475 Tellures Laetitiarum (Lands of Happiness) and S. Luisa Ragosta's 7459 Pastani Agri (Pastanan Fields). The classical style is very popular in Anisora and has produced some of the most famous composers in Gotha: B. Mauro Ripa, R. Michele Di Palo, Q. Raphael Revellus, L. Pio Giliberti and Pio Savino Lannuzzi, often described as one of the best composers in history.

Broadcasting and Print

Anisora has a number of national and local radio stations, covering a wide variety of programming, which broadcast across the Empire and beyond. The state owned Anisorum Nuntians Institutum (Anisoran Broadcasting Institution), the ABI, is the largest broadcaster in the Empire and operates four national radio stations and a number of smaller provincial and colonial radio stations. Of the four national radio stations, two are broadcast in Pastanan and two in Anisoran. Programmes across these stations include coverage of Anisoran and international news, financial analysis, musical pieces and specials, poetry and prose readings and the new and very popular radio plays. Radio plays began broadcasting in Anisora in 7567 with an adaptation of L. Dario Caprio's Ships of State, written by D. Mario Inglesse. The play was met with an overwhelming audience reception, and encouraged the ABI to 'stage' regular adaptations and more recently original plays, including comedies, on their stations.

Popular Anisoran daily national newspapers in modern Anisoran include: La Gazzetta, Il Messaggero, Tempi, Gazzetta di Pena, Voci Anisore and Stampa Quotidiana. A number of newspapers are also printed in Pastanan, which mainly cater for aristocratic, academic, financial and imperial news. Among the most popular are: Imperialia Tempora (The Imperial Times), Quotidianus Praeco (The Daily Herald), Aeraria Tempora (The Financial Times) and Imperium Imperatorque (Empire and Emperor).

The Anisoran national football team, 7569

Sport

Sport is very popular in Anisora and her people of all classes enjoy many different games. The most popular sport is football and is played across the Empire. All major towns and cities have their own teams and they play both friendly and competitive matches. These teams can compete in the regional and national championships, whereby teams from across the Empire compete through stages, playing a number of matches in order to progress to the next round. The team that wins the national championship is traditionally awarded the Victoria Cup, given at the very first national games in 7451.

Other popular sports include: polo, favoured by the upper classes; cricket, a sport Anisora has done very well in internationally over recent years; horse-racing, one of the largest spectator sports in the Empire, the yearly Imperial Lorra horse-race attracts huge crowds; and tennis, probably the second most played sport in the Empire.

Symbols

Demographics

Ethnicity

The inhabitants of Anisora are primarily made up of Karsk and Athves people. Historically most people within Anisora have been Karsk, originating primarily from the Cadrai Peninsula and the Pasticello islands. However, with the spread of the Empire west, large numbers of Karsk immigrated to the Merigno-Tsova Coast. Over the ensuing centuries, the ethnic make-up of the Western Provinces changed, moving from primarily Athves to almost an equal split between ethnic Karsk and Athves. Centres of urban population across Anisora are primarily dominated by Karsk, while the rural population in the West remains predominately Athves.

A number of minority ethnic groups have a presence within Anisora, most numerous, while making up less than 1% of the population, would be the Emther from Thultannia and the Tahana, a remnant of Anat Tahani domination of the area centuries ago. There is significant prejudice amongst the majority ethnic groups of Anisora against the Tahana.

Languages

Main Article: Languages of Anisora

The official language of Anisora is Pastanan, spoken by approximately 30% of the population. However, the de facto language is Anisoran, spoken by approximately 75% of the population, with a further 10% using it a second language. Pastanan is an ancient language, which underwent something of a renewal several centuries ago, and the upper classes, academics and merchant classes take pride in their bilingualism and consider it a sign of their education and privilege. Modern Anisoran primarily derives from ancient Pastanan, however some two thousand years of linguistic evolution means there are significant differences. Pastanan is preserved through it's official standardisation and is taught compulsorily in Anisoran Electos schools. It is also widely accepted as the standard academic language, particularly in Anaria.

Religion

Orkanan is the majority religion in Anisora.
Main Article: Peratolian Orkanan

The state religion of Anisora is Peratolian Orkanan. Officially the Orkanan Congregation of Pastana, the interventionist branch is closely related to Hylomorphic Orkanan, with veneration of deities as being the manifestations of Vind. These deities are a significant presence in the congregation and have their own rites within the wider worship of Vind. These deities are distinctly separate from the Sno and Rå spirits of Northern Orkananism and take a variety of forms and fulfil a number of roles within Vind's masterplan. Exemplars also form a more significant part in Peratolianism than in other branches. With the act of creation being a holy exercise, Anisoran Peratolianism venerates artistic accomplishment, as one might expect, more than most Orkanan societies. Exemplars, therefore, are many and often made up of significant creative individuals from the nation and regions history. The Peratolian Congregation maintains one of the largest collections of recognised exemplars in Orkanan.

Peratolianism follows the interventionist belief in divinely appointed leadership. As a result, the Emperor is the head of the Congregation in Anisora. A significant congregational infrastructure and bureaucracy exists which is separate from the government and consequently Peratolianism maintains one of the most centralised Orkanan congregations in Anaria.

Other religions are practised within the Empire, the majority made up by different branches of interventionist Orkanan as well as sizably minorities of Lazarianism and Sadarisnism. In the West, however, the Izhaic religions have a presence, due to the close proximity of Anat Tahan and it's historic dominance over Western Anaria. As a result of the historic animosity between the two empires, the Alí̱theia sect of Izha is illegal in Anisora. Anisoran Orkanan believers have long seen themselves as defenders of Orkanan Anaria, keeping out the Western heretics and barbarians and has thus influenced the local religion significantly.

Education

Main Article: Education in Anisora

Education is compulsory for all children between the ages of 5 and 14. Universal free education was introduced piecemeal between 7489 and 7508, but now enjoys an established system whereby all children across the Empire can have an education. For millennia, a tradition of outstanding education amongst the elites has championed the need for education for all Anisorans and world class teaching for the elite. The current elite see their education as their claim to nobility and privilege and is one of the nation's most prized possessions, which they see as setting them apart from the rest of the world.

Lower education is, however, a two-tiered system in Anisora. Although universal free education exists, there are also a great number of private institutions, so called Electos schools, where normally only children of the elite and wealthy classes can attend. These Electos schools are considered the finest in Gotha for preparing the next generation of elites.

Education within Anisora is officially the responsibility of the Tribune and the Tribunate for Education, along with the Tribunicial Departments of Curricula and Universities and Higher Education. However, due to the importance Anisoran society places on education, the process of selecting curriculum topics and teaching methods is an extremely complex process, not left exclusively to these government departments. The Emperor is often intimately involved in matters of education, for example. Education is primarily concerned with teaching the humanities, or the 'Arts', with the sciences being of secondary importance across the system, particularly in lower education.

Higher education in Anisora is considered to be amongst the finest in Gotha. World class institutions are spread across the Empire. Most famous are the Peradotto and Sorrio Universities, which are amongst the oldest such institutions in Anaria and are world famous for their outstanding teaching. It is said that with a Peradottan degree, the world is yours. Consequently, along with the tradition harking back milennia, Anisoran scholarship and higher education is an influential force across Gotha, particularly Anaria. Anisoran schools have been set up across Gotha, becoming hugely competitive institutions and favourites for the local nobility and wealthy to send their children.

Notes

1 Scholars debate the exact year the Dark Ages ended, with many arguing it impossible to pinpoint a specific year but others arguing for 3196RH, the year of the first Fignoratina Festival on Lukios.

2 Many anti-centralists would argue against such claims and argue that due to the large geographic and cultural spread of the Empire, the semi-independence of many historic states ensures the protection of a certain amount of regional heritage and identity.

References

a Hallish Translation: Crawford, R. (7539) Barillotus' Historia Gentis Cadriani, Book II, section 37.

b Barillotus Historia Gentis Cadriani, Book IV, section 17-19.

   Anisoran Empire   
General Flag of AnisoraCoat of Arms of AnisoraAnisoran Colonial Empire
History Anisoran PrehistoryCadrian Colonial PeriodEtullian EmpirePastanan EmpireDragar MonopolyConfederation of CadriaKingdom of CasellaKingdom of PastanaDual KingdomAnisoran Civil WarConfederation of VetrianoMarian Era (Anisoro-Lusavanic WarAuresio-Anisoran War) • Tahani WarsRevolutions of 7473Pan-Anarian WarPost-War Period
Culture and Society

Languages: AnisoranLusavaicPastanan
Religion: Orkanan (Peratolian OrkananLazarianismMellanhandMennity Orkanan) • Izha (Norynan IzhaicAlí̱theia Izhaic) • Sadarisnism
Ethnicities: AthvesKarsk
Culture and Society: Education in AnisoraAnisoran LiteratureArt of AnisoraArchitecture of AnisoraCuisine of Anisora
Status: Class in the Anisoran EmpireNobility of Anisora (Noble Houses of AnisoraPeerages of the Anisoran Empire) • Order of precedence in the Anisoran Empire

Government and Politics

Government: Emperor of the Anisorans (list) • Prime Minister (list) • CabinetParliament (Federal AssemblyImperial SenateChamber of Deputies) • High Court of Anisora
Tribunates and departments: Federal ChancelleryTreasuryForeign AffairsInteriorFederal AffairsColoniesWarNavyTrade and IndustryEducation
Political parties: Liberal PartyNational PartyOrkanan Democratic Party (ODP)New Radical PartyLusavan LeagueUnited Häverist Party (PUH)
Other: ConstitutionPrivy CouncilForeign relationsForeign Intelligence Service (SIS)Internal Security Service (SSI)

Military

Imperial Armed Forces: Anisoran Imperial ArmyAnisoran Imperial NavyAnisoran Imperial Air Force
Organisation and command: Committee of Imperial DefenceAccademia MilitareAdmiralty
Equipment: WeaponsCombat VehiclesShips
Decorations, Orders and Medals: Order of the Fauglia (OF) • Marian Order of Merit (MM) • Imperial Victorian Order (VO) • Order of VetrianoOrder of ColomberaOrder of Exemplar Depellorrion

Economy

Grana (currency)Bank of the Anisoran Empire (central bank)Pena Stock ExchangeBusinessess (Moreva Petroleum CorporationPleneria Wine Company)

Prominent people

Imperial Stim: Marius III (emperor)Avrona Lassinia (empress-consort)Grand Prince of PastanaPrincess of PilanoDuke of JelumbriaPrincess JulianaDuke of Padrina
Ruling Anisoran monarchs: Titus, Grand Prince of PastanaMichele XI, Grand Prince of MatrignanoEmmanuele V, Prince of VattoroRaphael II, Prince of TorzarolaAlessandro III, Prince of Pensano
Politicians: Alessandro Nicotera-SarnoErmino Nizzola-MorcheseGiuliana TerranovaMichele da Matrignano-GiulianettaGiulio TarentinaTiberia LingarioGiuliana Nicotera-SarnoAram TorosyanMartino Forgianetta
Other: Pontecorvo Family

Geography

Political: Constituent states (Grand Principalities (CasellaPastanaLusava and VascanoMatrignano) • PrincipalitiesArchduchiesDukedomsDependent IslandsFree cities) • Colonies and territories
Cities: Pena (capital city)ValanceLarzoArrentoTenalevanPandagnaValamaggioreMarocidaFontanigornaVicenoPilano
Physical: Geography of AnisoraIslands of Anisora (Pasticello IslandsPequinella Islands) • Flora of the Anisoran EmpireFauna of the Anisoran Empire
Features: Cadrai PeninsulaTovaBahzen MountainsEmennine MountainsMakur Valley (Makur RiverLake ParronaLake Karamon)
Bodies of water: Medio SeaWestern StraitLake CarrocetoLoverno RiverSea of CestarenaVaranese Sea

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