Anisoran Civil War

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Anisoran Civil War
Second Pastanan Civil War
-- War --
[[Image:|300px|{{{city_pic}}}]]
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Start: 9th January, 7363

End: 12th July, 7365

Place: Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana (Anisora)

Outcome: Treaty of Santorenna
Execution of Giulia Tortagno-Nespola, Duchess of Pensano
Marius I ascends to the throne of Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana

Major battles: Battle of Milera; Battle of Frattamaggiore; Battle of the Sissinaly Channel; Battle of Valance
-- Combatants --

House of Tortagno-Nespola

House of Decus
-- Other Combatants --
n/a
-- Commanders --

Duchess of Pensano
Flavius Quintus Leo
Lucius Agrippa Gallias

Titus Marius Decus
Gaius Raphael Decus
Tito Pietro Lorenzo
-- Casualties & losses --

Military:59,000

Civilian:3,000

Total:62,000

Military:43,000

Civilian:8,000

Total:62,000
-- Other casualties --
n/a

In need of update

The Anisoran Civil War (7363 - 7365) (Anisoran: Anisorano Guerra Civile), also known as the Second Pastanan Civil War, was a series of armed conflicts resulting from the death of Valerio V and III, King of the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana at the end of 7362, who left no legitimate direct heir to the throne of the Dual Kingdom. The war was fought through a period of four years between those loyal to the Tortagno-Nespola dynasty, lead by Princess Sophia Giulia, the Duchess of Pensano, and the House of Decus lead by father and son Gaius Raphael and Titus Marius Decus, later Emperor of the Anisorans Marius I.

Over the course of the four year civil war, the House of Decus was the dominant force. Winning several victories in Casella and the pivotal naval engagement in the Sissinaly Channel, it allowed the Decus force to land in the capital Valance and achieve a total victory on 12th July 7365 with the surrender of the Duchess of Pensano.

Contents

Succession Crisis

Death of Valerio V and III

The King Valerio V and III had ruled the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana for over 20 years before his death on 17th December 7362. However, after a severe hunting accident in 7342, the King was unable to have children and his only child, Princess Armilla Isabella, died of a fever at the age of 8, thus leaving the King childless and the Kingdom heir-less.

Valerio V and III belonged to the noble House of Tortagno-Nespola, who had ruled Casella for over three hundred years, and Pastana since 7273. The House's numbers had been dwindling significantly in the decades leading up to and including Valerio's reign. The King's only brother, the Duke of Maregno never married and died from suspected syphilis in 7358. As a result, the King's nearest living relative at his death in 7362 was his young cousin Princess Sophia Giulia, Duchess of Pensano and daughter of his paternal-uncle.

At the time of the King's death Princess Giulia was only 17. However a more pressing concern to the government and Succession Council was her questionable parentage. There was much suspicion surrounding the Princess' mother and many rumours of her father, the Duke of Pensano, the King's uncle, not being her father.

Council of Succession

With the heir to the Anisoran throne being a young girl of 17 and of questionable parentage, the succession was not a straight forward process. Thus a Council of Succession was called by Frater Quintus Leo (Auxiliator) the Royal Secretary to the late King and met on 27th December 7362.

Initial opposition was voiced by many members of the Senate with the most outspoken claiming Princess Giulia was not of the House of Tortagno-Nespola but a bastard of her mother's lover, which would thus forbid her succession. This theory gained support of many notable Senators including Lord Gaius Raphael Decus and his son Titus Marius Decus, Marshal of the Kingdom. With the open rejection of Princess Giulia's claim by the leading members of the House of Decus including the highly respected Marshal Marius and his father Raphael (retired Prefect of the Field), the Armed Forces became a key player in the succession talks.

Breakdown of Talks

Although Valerio was Supreme Commander of the Army and did indeed command absolute obedience many officers and ordinary soldiery detested the prospect of swearing allegiance to a suspected bastard. Thus the army began to separate into factions with two clear camps emerging. First were the 'loyalists' whom supported the House of Tortagno-Nespola and thus Princess Giulia and her claim to the throne, the second were men loyal to the House of Decus and more specifically their beloved Marshal Marius Decus.

It took only days for these opposing sides to cement their loyalty and they began looking for a military solution to the succession crisis. Ultimately this is what led to the breakdown of the Council of Succession on 9th January, 7363. Violence began to spread across the capital, beginning with an attack on a prominent Senator who supported Princess Giulia and led a particularly vicious attack on the House of Decus in the Senate earlier that day.

With violence and confusion on the streets, the talks soon turned into personal attacks against one another. Lucius Alexander Decus, brother to Marius Decus stood up in the Senate on 7th January and shouted that Princess Giulia was a whore's daughter and that he would never kneel to such a woman. Met by stunned silence across the Senate, this unofficially began open hostilities between the two factions. Members of the House of Decus and their supporters then left the capital, Valance.

Outbreak of War

Skirmish in the Senate

Upon hearing of Lucius Alexander Decus' outburst in the Senate, Princess Giulia immediately made her way to the Senate with a detachment of the Royal Guard. Entering to find that all Deci and their direct supporters had fled, the Princess took the podium and spoke before the Senate. In an impassioned speech she outlined a Royal Decree which henceforth branded the House of Decus and all their supporters as traitors and ordered their immediate arrest and execution. Realising she didn't speak before a full Senate, she demanded to know the whereabouts of all missing Senators and concluded that should any Senator not return immediately, they to would be branded traitors. This was met with extreme discomfort from the Senators, who found themselves being forced to swear allegiance to the Princess then and there, with royal soldiers staring on.

Senator Julio Giovanni Lupo protested and refused to swear allegiance as the Princess had not been designated the rightful successor to Valerio V and III. Moving to leave the Senate, along with several other senators who supported him, he was met by Military Tribune Gaius Petro Magretti, Princess Giulia's personal bodyguard. When neither of them would back down, Senator Lupo pushed past. Tribune Petro then turned, drew his sword and killed him. Gasps of horror filled the Senate. Personal Senatorial bodyguards were called in and an intense fight broke out leaving 4 senators dead and dozens of soldiers. The Princess looked on stunned at how events were spiralling out of control. Eventually being able to regain control, she stated how regretful she felt at the bloodshed and felt sure it would never happen again, on condition of absolute obedience. Senator Quintus Leo then announced that the coronation should be held in earnest and ordered all preparations to begin.

Initial Conflict

With the swift evacuation of all Deci supporters from Valance, Titus Marius Decus and his father Gaius Raphael Decus sailed to the Western Provinces, where Marius' armies were stationed. Gathering as much support as they could and attempting to obtain support from the admirals of the powerful Navy, the Deci initially found themselves at a distinct disadvantage. The High Admiral, Lucius Armius Juleramus, was stoutly loyal to House of Tortagno-Nespola and so consolidated his forces swiftly and harried the Deci across the Channel. He began to blockade the Western Territories after gaining control over as much of the naval forces as he could in the West.

A great number of troops and regiments rallied to Marius' side in the west, with a few notable exceptions. The Deci power base was strongest in Casella, where there was a strong military presence. Marius lost the Pequinella islands immediately and the contingent of naval forces turned over to the command of High Admiral Lucius Armius Juleramus. Initial battles in the Western lands proved Marius' superior military force and within months he controlled the entirety of Casella and much of the southern territories, minus the Pequinella islands, still being under blockade himself.

The Western Campaign

With the West blockaded by the Navy, loyal to Princess Giulia, the Deci seemed to be on the backfoot. While Marius had gained control of both Casella and lands as far east as Torzarola, the Navy strangled his ability to press his advantage on land. In the East, the loyalist forces assembled a considerable force with the intention to invade the West with their overwhelming naval force.

Initial skirmishes in the West were small, with few legions confronting Marius in the field. On the morning of 3rd March the largest battle of the conflict was set to begin, with the Decan first army under the command of Marius Decus before the largest loyalist force remaining in the West. The so-called battle of Epolurria was bloodless, as the commander of the loyalist forces, Prefect L. Alberto Barsetti, recognised he was vastly outnumbered and surrendered his forces without a shot being fired. Within his force there were many officers and men who wished to defect to the Decans (as many had served under them and remained sympathetic) and his hand was forced. He requested to be given the right of exile as he refused to side with the Decans. It was said that Marius personally granted this request only to have him imprisoned after he officially surrendered. This surrender provided the Decans with undisputed dominance over the Western Provinces until the loyalists invaded in June.

Invasion of the West

The invasion plans of the loyalist forces were delayed for several weeks after the surrender of their forces at Epolurria. The original plan had been for Prefect Barsetti to keep open a beachhead for the bulk of the loyalist forces to disembark unmolested. However, the Decans now had uncontested control of the West by land. However, the loyalists retained uncontested control of the seas, with what little naval forces the Decans retained sheltering at harbour, and they continued their extensive blockade of the Western Territories.

On 17th April 7363 the Loyalists suffered a great catastrophe when Rear-Admiral L. Mario Constantini, commander of the 3rd Squadron, defected to the Decans. His naval force, including some 6 ships of the line and over 10 frigates departed the loyalist blockade of North Eastern Casella and sailed into Rellium harbour (the future imperial capital, Pena) and joined up with what little naval forces were there. The following week Rear-Admiral Constantini met Marius, Raphael and Alexander Decus at their palace in Rellium where he took command of the Decan naval forces. This once again set the invasion plans back as Rear-Admiral Constantini had been privy to the high command's plans. This was seen as yet another perfectly timed Decan device to stall the invasion for as long as possible, allowing them to prepare fully.

Despite further Decan efforts to forestall the invasion and with yet more smaller defections of high ranking personages, on 20th June the loyalists under the command of Marshal Lucius Agrippa Gallias landed the bulk of their forces, the 2nd, 3rd and 9th armies along the coast of Alcannora, where the proximity of the loyalist strongholds on the Pequinella islands would provide the safest landing. Only a token force of Decan troops were there to meet the loyalists due to an intelligence mistake. Marius Decus and Marshal Riveronni rushed southwards from central Casella with their respective armies to engage the invaders, from where they had thought the invasion was to take place further north along the coast.

Battle of Tucciaro

On 21st June the loyalist 2nd army under Prefect Piquento, with detachments of auxiliaries from the reserve 5th army, met Marshal Riveronni's forces at Tucciaro. Marshal Riveronni's expeditionary forces reported skirmishes south of the town in the woods and drew his battleline in front of town. However, when scouts reported the numbers of the loyalist forces, with reinforcements being sent from Marshal Gallias' main force which had began to move northwards seeking Marius Decus' main force, Riveronni retreated into the town where he hoped the narrow streets and urban fortifications would lend his smaller force time until Marius arrived with his armies.

The following morning, with the town deserted, loyalist Prefect Piquento ordered the attack and his forces encircled the town from the South east and began the bombardment of the walls. The battle raged all day long, with more loyalist men arriving at midday. Decan reinforcements were held up at Vepolonaccino where Marius Decus' forces were being harassed by skirmishers from the loyalist Marshal Gallias' main force. As daylight failed Marshal Riveronni was holding out, containing breaches in the wall to the south and south west of the city. As night fell the loyalist forces fell back much to the frustration of Marshal Di Stephano when he arrived the following morning. Marius Decus' forces meanwhile were slowly making their way southward, with Gallias in hot pursuit, neither commander sure they wanted to give battle. The weather was astonishingly poor, one of the frequent summer thunderstorms which plague the region, and both commanders were worried about deploying their cannon and muskets in such weather.

In a daring move, which would soon become the hallmark of Marius Decus' fighting style, he split his forces during the night. He sent Marshal Lamberti with the 13th army southwards to break the siege at Tucciaro while remaining with the bulk of his forces to fend off Marshal Gallias. Come the morning Lamberti had reached Tucciaro and took Prefect Piquento's forces by surprise, attacking from the North West through the forests. Marshal Riveronni saw his opportunity and sallied from the Southern walls to attack Piquento's forming rear guard. The engagement was swift and much of the loyalist forces fled southwards leaving the town in Decan hands.

Notes

References

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