Förbundsdag

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|speaker_type = ''Ordförande''
|speaker_type = ''Ordförande''
|speaker = (vacant)
|speaker = (vacant)
-
|seats_type =  
+
|seats_type =  
|seats_number = 101 members
|seats_number = 101 members
|seats_diagram =   
|seats_diagram =   
|groups_type = Political factions
|groups_type = Political factions
-
|groups_composition = {{Colorbox|#7F0000}} De Lidh (13)<br>{{Colorbox|#FF0000}} Iunsala Förbund (19)<br>{{Colorbox|#57007F}} Haga Framtid (16)<br>{{Colorbox|#FFFFFF}} Öppen Lista (5)<br>{{Colorbox|#FFD800}} Loialitetslistan/Sörmarkspartiet (17)<br>{{Colorbox|#5B7F00}} Lundéns Allians (16)<br>{{Colorbox|#004A7F}} Folkrörelsen (7)<br>{{Colorbox|#0094FF}} Moderata Vägen (5)<br>{{Colorbox|#A0A0A0}} independants (3)
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|groups_composition = {{Colorbox|#7F0000}} [[Political parties in Vittmark#De Lidh|De Lidh]] (13)<br>{{Colorbox|#FF0000}} [[Political parties in Vittmark#Iunsala Förbundet|Iunsala Förbund]] (19)<br>{{Colorbox|#57007F}} [[Political parties in Vittmark#Framtid|Haga Framtid]] (16)<br>{{Colorbox|#FFFFFF}} [[Political parties in Vittmark#Öppen Lista|Öppen Lista]] (5)<br>{{Colorbox|#FFD800}} [[Political parties in Vittmark#Loialitetslistan|Loialitetslistan]]/[[Political parties in Vittmark#Sörmarkspartiet|Sörmarkspartiet]] (17)<br>{{Colorbox|#5B7F00}} [[Political parties in Vittmark#Lundéns Allians för Liden|Lundéns Allians]] (16)<br>{{Colorbox|#004A7F}} [[Political parties in Vittmark#Folkrörelsen|Folkrörelsen]] (7)<br>{{Colorbox|#0094FF}} [[Political parties in Vittmark#Moderata Vägen|Moderata Vägen]] (5)<br>{{Colorbox|#A0A0A0}} independents (3)
|electoral_system = various per member state
|electoral_system = various per member state
|election_date = 7578 byelection
|election_date = 7578 byelection
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|picture_caption =  
|picture_caption =  
}}
}}
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The '''''Förbundsdag''''' (lit: federal gathering) is the legislative body within the [[government of Vittmark]] on the federal level, based on a system of equal representation. It was founded in 7568rh as a final stage in the formation of [[Vittmark]] as a nation state according to the [[Treaty of Nisipari]].
+
The '''''Förbundsdag''''' ([[Hallish]]: federal gathering) is the [[:Category:Parliaments|legislative body]] within the [[government of Vittmark]] on the federal level, based on a system of equal representation. It was founded in 7568 [[Gothan Epochs|rh]] as a final stage in the formation of [[Vittmark]] as a [[:Category:Nations|nation state]] according to the [[Treaty of Nisipari]].
==Tasks==
==Tasks==
-
The federal parliament allocates the indirect taxes, which are gathered at a local, regional and national level. If budget proposals are adopted by a constitutional majority (67 seats) then the proposal is also binding for the factions that opposed it. A simple majority can however be appealed by opposing factions in the House of Lords, if the taxation or the outcome of the policy has significant negative consequences for the faction or member state. If the appeal comes through, the faction is exempted from paying for that particular proposal. It is also possible that the executive government only collects tax from supporting factions, even if there only is a minority support.
+
The federal [[:Category:Parliaments|parliament]] allocates the indirect [[Taxation in Vittmark|taxes]], which are gathered at a local, regional and national level. If budget proposals are adopted by a [[Constitution of Vittmark|constitutional]] majority (67 seats) then the proposal is also binding for the factions that opposed it. A simple majority can however be appealed by opposing factions in the [[Förbundsting|House of Lords]], if the [[:Category:Taxation|taxation]] or the outcome of the policy has significant negative consequences for the faction or [[Member states of Vittmark|member state]]. If the appeal comes through, the faction is exempted from paying for that particular proposal. It is also possible that the [[Government of Vittmark#Executive power|executive government]] only collects tax from supporting factions, even if there only is a minority support.
This also means that parliamentary factions can only support a certain amount of budget proposals, until their part of tax contribution has been fulfilled. Several party lists have already stated that they will execute this type of voting behavior, in order to form or block majorities in issues where they can no longer contribute. Such factions could become highly influential and it will be a force to consider for the large blocks.
This also means that parliamentary factions can only support a certain amount of budget proposals, until their part of tax contribution has been fulfilled. Several party lists have already stated that they will execute this type of voting behavior, in order to form or block majorities in issues where they can no longer contribute. Such factions could become highly influential and it will be a force to consider for the large blocks.
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==Political factions==
==Political factions==
:''See also: [[Political parties in Vittmark]]
:''See also: [[Political parties in Vittmark]]
-
A first-past-the-post system which is in place in most member states means a personal representation from a stift or hundred. Political parties are not necessairy in such a system, but are appearing anyway. Individuals can manifest their support for a national leader, a ruling family or a religious faction and thus gain support. These parties play an important role in the city states ([[Östvallen]], [[Kopparbruk]]) and northern provinces (Kletudde, Kram) where affiliation to either Liden or Ådalen will be of the upmost importance.
+
A first-past-the-post system which is in place in most member states means a personal representation from a [[Administrative divisions of Vittmark#Secondary levels: stifts and härads|stift or hundred]]. [[Political parties in Vittmark|Political parties]] are not necessarily in such a system, but are appearing anyway. Individuals can manifest their support for a national leader, a ruling family or a [[Culture_of_Vittmark#Religion|religious]] faction and thus gain support. These parties play an important role in the [[:Category:Cities of Vittmark|city]] states ([[Östvallen]], [[Kopparbruk]]) and northern provinces (Kletudde, Kram) where affiliation to either Liden or Ådalen will be of the upmost importance.
-
Most factions in the assembly are therefore based on territorial affiliation. Largest faction De Lidh (21 seats) is connected to the Av Månsta clan, the former ruling family of [[Liden]]. The same goes for Iunsala Förbund (16) which is related to the Ådahl clan of [[Ådalen]], and Haga Framtid (16) with ties to the Av Hagen clan.
+
Most factions in the assembly are therefore based on territorial affiliation. Largest faction [[Political parties in Vittmark#De Lidh|De Lidh]] (21 seats) is connected to the Av Månsta clan, the former ruling family of [[Liden]]. The same goes for [[Political parties in Vittmark#Iunsala Förbundet|Iunsala Förbund]] (16) which is related to the Ådahl clan of [[Ådalen]], and [[Political parties in Vittmark#Framtid|Haga Framtid]] (16) with ties to the Av Hagen clan.
-
A gathering of independants opposing the "official" candidates in these large member states has a total of 9 seats. An opposition movement from Liden has gathered 8 seats. There are also 8 independant MP's operating outside any faction.
+
A gathering of independents opposing the "official" candidates in these large member states has a total of 9 seats. An opposition movement from Liden has gathered 8 seats. There are also 8 independent MP's operating outside any faction.
-
The only political party in the true sense of the word is Folkrörelsen (6). Even the Loyalists (11) have support all over the country, but mainly in [[Sörmark]]. This is also the powerbase of Sörmarkspartiet (6).
+
The only political party in the true sense of the word is [[Political parties in Vittmark#Folkrörelsen|Folkrörelsen]] (6). Even the [[Political parties in Vittmark#Loialitetslistan|Loyalists]] (11) have support all over the country, but mainly in [[Sörmark]]. This is also the powerbase of [[Political parties in Vittmark#Sörmarkspartiet|Sörmarkspartiet]] (6).
-
Only 9 of the 99 seats were to be allocated through an equal representation election by party lists during the first elections. The number has gone up to 13 since then due to the new system introduced in Kram and Kletudde during the 7572 by-elections.
+
Only 9 of the 99 seats were to be allocated through an equal representation election by party lists during the first elections. The number has gone up to 13 since then due to the new system introduced in Kram and [[Kletudde]] during the 7572 by-elections.
==[[Vittmark parliament election process|Election process]]==
==[[Vittmark parliament election process|Election process]]==
-
While the original plan was to have the ''Förbundsdag'' composed through direct elections (one man one vote), this proved impossible in the current geopolitical landscape. As a compromise, each nation state gets a number of allocated seats and will determine themselves how these seats will be allocated, as long as it is through a democratic process. The allocation system was approved by the [[Provisional Council of Vittmark]], the House of Lords and the Court of Appeal. The following proposal has been made by the member states.
+
While the original plan was to have the ''Förbundsdag'' composed through direct elections (one man one vote), this proved impossible in the current geopolitical landscape. As a compromise, each [[:Category:Vittmark states|member state]] gets a number of allocated seats and will determine themselves how these seats will be allocated, as long as it is through a democratic process. The allocation system was approved by the [[Provisional Council of Vittmark]], the [[Förbundsting|House of Lords]] and the Court of Appeal. The following proposal has been made by the member states.
{| class="wikitable sortable"; cellpadding="5"
{| class="wikitable sortable"; cellpadding="5"
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| 11
| 11
| 11
| 11
-
| First past the post by indirect elections in 11 voting härads.
+
| First past the post by indirect elections in 11 voting [[Administrative divisions of Vittmark#Secondary levels: stifts and härads|härads]].
|-
|-
| [[Mellersta Haga]]
| [[Mellersta Haga]]
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| 25  
| 25  
| 25 *
| 25 *
-
| First past the post by indirect elections in 25 voting härads. * About 260,000 residents in Sörmark vote for representation through Liden.
+
| First past the post by indirect elections in 25 voting härads. * About 260,000 residents in [[Sörmark]] vote for representation through Liden.
|-
|-
| [[Ådalen]]
| [[Ådalen]]
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| (3)
| (3)
| 5 *
| 5 *
-
| Party list representation, where 3 seats are allocated to the candidate with largest support in each of the 3 provinces, while the remaining 2 seats get allocated over the state level total. Suffrage for stift registrees aged 21 and up.
+
| Party list representation, where 3 seats are allocated to the candidate with largest support in each of the 3 provinces, while the remaining 2 seats get allocated over the state level total. Suffrage for [[stift]] registrees aged 21 and up.
|-
|-
| [[Kletudde]]
| [[Kletudde]]
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|}
|}
-
The electoral system makes this an indirectly chosen parliament. Eligible stim members vote on how their representative will vote in a meeting of stim representatives on the level of a ''härad'' (voting district). This way it is (potentially) possible that 70% of the individual votes are not being represented. However, in a collectivist Orkanan society like Vittmark, collective representation is considered more important than the individual one.
+
The electoral system makes this an indirectly chosen [[:Category:Parliaments|parliament]]. Eligible [[stim]] members vote on how their representative will vote in a meeting of stim representatives on the level of a ''härad'' (voting district). This way it is (potentially) possible that 70% of the individual votes are not being represented. However, in a collectivist [[Orkanan]] society like Vittmark, collective representation is considered more important than the individual one.
-
Representatives from party lists that have been elected as such can be replaced by the next candidate on that list. The city of Skara has also appointed replacements. In case a representative has to step down, withdraw or dies, a new election for that particular constituency has to be organized.
+
Representatives from party lists that have been elected as such can be replaced by the next candidate on that list. The city of [[Skara]] has also appointed replacements. In case a representative has to step down, withdraw or dies, a new election for that particular constituency has to be organized.
===Election history===
===Election history===
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The first elections were held between September and November 7568. Thereafter it is up to the member states to organize (re)elections within 4 or 5 years of the previous election date. The general elections in the autumn of 7568 led to the first installed parliament, where ''De Lidh'' was the largest faction occupying 30 seats.
The first elections were held between September and November 7568. Thereafter it is up to the member states to organize (re)elections within 4 or 5 years of the previous election date. The general elections in the autumn of 7568 led to the first installed parliament, where ''De Lidh'' was the largest faction occupying 30 seats.
-
There have been a limited amount of trends that have occurred during the process of re-elections. During the first elections, many oppositional candidates ran as independants. In the first parliamentary year there were 20 independants, off which 11 formed their own faction under the name of Open List. Since then the number of independants has decreased gradually, to some extent towards the Loyalists, but also because of the rise of the Alliance as main opposition party in Liden.  
+
There have been a limited amount of trends that have occurred during the process of re-elections. During the first elections, many oppositional candidates ran as independents. In the first parliamentary year there were 20 independents, off which 11 formed their own faction under the name of Open List. Since then the number of independents has decreased gradually, to some extent towards the Loyalists, but also because of the rise of the Alliance as main opposition party in Liden.  
The unrest in Liden during 7573-74 has led to a voter swing from the leading ''De Lidh'' party to the oppositional Alliance. ''De Lidh'' has lost over half of its MP's during the by-elections following the unrest, while the Alliance has taken over the position of leading Lidenite faction in parliament.
The unrest in Liden during 7573-74 has led to a voter swing from the leading ''De Lidh'' party to the oppositional Alliance. ''De Lidh'' has lost over half of its MP's during the by-elections following the unrest, while the Alliance has taken over the position of leading Lidenite faction in parliament.
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Another trend is the growing size of te Loyalist faction, especially since they started running joint candidates with [[Fjällsta Stift]]'s ''Sörmarkspartiet''. Starting with 11 seats for both factions in 7568, the Loyalists/Freethinker faction currently is the largest one with 21 seats.
Another trend is the growing size of te Loyalist faction, especially since they started running joint candidates with [[Fjällsta Stift]]'s ''Sörmarkspartiet''. Starting with 11 seats for both factions in 7568, the Loyalists/Freethinker faction currently is the largest one with 21 seats.
-
A reallocation of seats per member state became necessary in 7570, because of the entry of [[Sörmark]] and [[Fisks]] into the federation. Mivö, Östvallen and Kletudde have been unwilling to give up the seats they have lost during the reallocation until the autumn of 7573. As a result, the assembly has had 102-104 members at the time. At the moment, parliament consists of 101 elected MP's.
+
A reallocation of seats per member state became necessary in 7570, because of the entry of [[Sörmark]] and [[Fisks]] into the federation. [[Mivö]], [[Östvallen]] and [[Kletudde]] have been unwilling to give up the seats they have lost during the reallocation until the autumn of 7573. As a result, the assembly has had 102-104 members at the time. At the moment, parliament consists of 101 elected MP's.
[[Category:Government of Vittmark]]
[[Category:Government of Vittmark]]
-
[[Category:Parliaments]]
+
[[Category:Parliaments|Vittmark Förbundsdag]]

Latest revision as of 17:05, 16 January 2020

Federal parliament of Vittmark
''Förbundsdag''

Coat of Arms of Vittmark

Type
Type Bicameral
Houses Federal Parliament
Leadership
Tingsherre (chairman) Anna av Kulla
Ordförande (vacant)
Structure
  101 members
[[File:|300px]]  
Political factions      De Lidh (13)
     Iunsala Förbund (19)
     Haga Framtid (16)
     Öppen Lista (5)
     Loialitetslistan/Sörmarkspartiet (17)
     Lundéns Allians (16)
     Folkrörelsen (7)
     Moderata Vägen (5)
     independents (3)
Elections
Electoral system
Last election
various per member state
7578 byelection
[[File:|300px]]

The Förbundsdag (Hallish: federal gathering) is the legislative body within the government of Vittmark on the federal level, based on a system of equal representation. It was founded in 7568 rh as a final stage in the formation of Vittmark as a nation state according to the Treaty of Nisipari.

Contents

Tasks

The federal parliament allocates the indirect taxes, which are gathered at a local, regional and national level. If budget proposals are adopted by a constitutional majority (67 seats) then the proposal is also binding for the factions that opposed it. A simple majority can however be appealed by opposing factions in the House of Lords, if the taxation or the outcome of the policy has significant negative consequences for the faction or member state. If the appeal comes through, the faction is exempted from paying for that particular proposal. It is also possible that the executive government only collects tax from supporting factions, even if there only is a minority support.

This also means that parliamentary factions can only support a certain amount of budget proposals, until their part of tax contribution has been fulfilled. Several party lists have already stated that they will execute this type of voting behavior, in order to form or block majorities in issues where they can no longer contribute. Such factions could become highly influential and it will be a force to consider for the large blocks.

Once the Senate considers the parliament stable and operational, it will transfer its right to build the executive government to this elected house of representatives. Until then, the Senate and the Queen appoint the executive cabinet. Even when this task is moved towards parliament, then it still is the Queen who officially appoints cabinet members.

Political factions

See also: Political parties in Vittmark

A first-past-the-post system which is in place in most member states means a personal representation from a stift or hundred. Political parties are not necessarily in such a system, but are appearing anyway. Individuals can manifest their support for a national leader, a ruling family or a religious faction and thus gain support. These parties play an important role in the city states (Östvallen, Kopparbruk) and northern provinces (Kletudde, Kram) where affiliation to either Liden or Ådalen will be of the upmost importance.

Most factions in the assembly are therefore based on territorial affiliation. Largest faction De Lidh (21 seats) is connected to the Av Månsta clan, the former ruling family of Liden. The same goes for Iunsala Förbund (16) which is related to the Ådahl clan of Ådalen, and Haga Framtid (16) with ties to the Av Hagen clan.

A gathering of independents opposing the "official" candidates in these large member states has a total of 9 seats. An opposition movement from Liden has gathered 8 seats. There are also 8 independent MP's operating outside any faction.

The only political party in the true sense of the word is Folkrörelsen (6). Even the Loyalists (11) have support all over the country, but mainly in Sörmark. This is also the powerbase of Sörmarkspartiet (6).

Only 9 of the 99 seats were to be allocated through an equal representation election by party lists during the first elections. The number has gone up to 13 since then due to the new system introduced in Kram and Kletudde during the 7572 by-elections.

Election process

While the original plan was to have the Förbundsdag composed through direct elections (one man one vote), this proved impossible in the current geopolitical landscape. As a compromise, each member state gets a number of allocated seats and will determine themselves how these seats will be allocated, as long as it is through a democratic process. The allocation system was approved by the Provisional Council of Vittmark, the House of Lords and the Court of Appeal. The following proposal has been made by the member states.

Member state Allocated seats 7568 Allocated seats 7571 Election system
Dunsvik 3 3 Indirect vote by stim representatives with elimination of candidate with least support, until three candidates are left.
Östra Haga 11 11 First past the post by indirect elections in 11 voting härads.
Mellersta Haga 7 9 First past the post by indirect elections in 7 voting härads, 2 remaining seats by state level distribution. In practical terms, this means that the two candidates with the most votes who haven't been elected in one of the hundreds yet will be appointed.
Laxholm 4 4 Indirect vote by stim representatives with elimination of candidate with least support, until four candidates are left.
Liden 25 25 * First past the post by indirect elections in 25 voting härads. * About 260,000 residents in Sörmark vote for representation through Liden.
Ådalen 12 13 * First past the post by indirect elections in 12 voting härads, 1 remaining seats by state level distribution. In practical terms, this means that the candidate with the most amount of votes who haven't been elected in one of the hundreds yet will be appointed.
Sörmark (3) 5 * Party list representation, where 3 seats are allocated to the candidate with largest support in each of the 3 provinces, while the remaining 2 seats get allocated over the state level total. Suffrage for stift registrees aged 21 and up.
Kletudde 3 2 Party list proportional election, suffrage for stift registrees aged 21 and up (First past the post in 3 härads in 7568)
Kram 2 2 Party list proportional election, suffrage for stift registrees aged 21 and up (First past the post in 2 groups of härads in 7568)
Kulla Kronområde 1 1 Appointment by 16 House Lords
Kopparbruk 4 4 Party list proportional election, suffrage for payers of income tax aged 21 and up.
Fisks 0 1 Appointed by 6 member company board
Mivö 10 9 First past the post by indirect elections in 27 voting härads. 27 representatives then appoint 9 MP's from their own ranks, including succession.
Staden Skara 3 3 Indirect vote by stim representatives with elimination of candidate with least support, until three candidates are left. Unlike most other member states, candidates #4, 5 and 6 are appointed as replacements in case some member of parliament would resign.
Östvallen Stad 8 7 5 seats through indirect elections for approved sockens, 2 through party list proportional elections.
Bengtist Stift 1 1 Indirect election through 13 stond leaders
Fjällsta Stift 3 3 Party list proportional election, suffrage for payers of income tax regardless age

The electoral system makes this an indirectly chosen parliament. Eligible stim members vote on how their representative will vote in a meeting of stim representatives on the level of a härad (voting district). This way it is (potentially) possible that 70% of the individual votes are not being represented. However, in a collectivist Orkanan society like Vittmark, collective representation is considered more important than the individual one.

Representatives from party lists that have been elected as such can be replaced by the next candidate on that list. The city of Skara has also appointed replacements. In case a representative has to step down, withdraw or dies, a new election for that particular constituency has to be organized.

Election history

See also: Historical composition of Vittmark's Förbundsdag

The first elections were held between September and November 7568. Thereafter it is up to the member states to organize (re)elections within 4 or 5 years of the previous election date. The general elections in the autumn of 7568 led to the first installed parliament, where De Lidh was the largest faction occupying 30 seats.

There have been a limited amount of trends that have occurred during the process of re-elections. During the first elections, many oppositional candidates ran as independents. In the first parliamentary year there were 20 independents, off which 11 formed their own faction under the name of Open List. Since then the number of independents has decreased gradually, to some extent towards the Loyalists, but also because of the rise of the Alliance as main opposition party in Liden.

The unrest in Liden during 7573-74 has led to a voter swing from the leading De Lidh party to the oppositional Alliance. De Lidh has lost over half of its MP's during the by-elections following the unrest, while the Alliance has taken over the position of leading Lidenite faction in parliament.

Another trend is the growing size of te Loyalist faction, especially since they started running joint candidates with Fjällsta Stift's Sörmarkspartiet. Starting with 11 seats for both factions in 7568, the Loyalists/Freethinker faction currently is the largest one with 21 seats.

A reallocation of seats per member state became necessary in 7570, because of the entry of Sörmark and Fisks into the federation. Mivö, Östvallen and Kletudde have been unwilling to give up the seats they have lost during the reallocation until the autumn of 7573. As a result, the assembly has had 102-104 members at the time. At the moment, parliament consists of 101 elected MP's.

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