Foreign relations of the Anisoran Empire

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The diplomatic foreign relations of the Anisoran Empire are the views and objectives that set and influence Anisora's interaction with other nations. Anisoran foreign policy and foreign relations are conducted primarily by the Tribunate for Foreign Affairs, headed by the Tribune for Foreign Affairs. However, the Emperor of the Anisorans, the Anisoran Prime Minister, and numerous other agencies and departments, including the Federal Assembly, as well as increasingly businesses, play a role in directing and setting policy.

During the first hundred years of the Anisoran Empire (7367-7467), Anisoran foreign policy sought to aggressively gain influence and control over the Medio Sea, Anaria Minor, as well as colonial holdings throughout Gotha, with the mid-75th century standing as the high water mark of Anisoran influence in Anaria. In the period after, Anisora sought to build key alliances to secure her position and prevent the blockade of the Medio Sea, a constant anxiety during this period. The Anisoran Empire was a founding member of the Aschgæt Alliance, which fought the United League during the Pan-Anarian War. Since the War ended in 7552, Anisoran foreign relations have transformed from being influenced by a largely neutral foreign policy to increasingly competitive and adventurist policies that have sought to build Anisoran commercial and economic power and influence, signing major treaties and agreements with powers as wide-ranging as Arsas and Vittmark.

Today Anisoran foreign policy is largely concerned with upholding and safeguarding free market capitalism, free trade, and imperialism.

Contents

History

See also: History of Anisora

The Anisoran Empire was founded in 7367, formed by the federation of a great number of states, including the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana, the Kingdom of Matrignano, and the smaller states of the Confederation of Vetriano. Prior to the unification, the Anisoran states were small, scattered, and generally at loggerheads with one another. Traditionally the regional powers of the Kingdoms of Casella and Pastana jostled for influence, particularly in Tova, but after the Union of the Crowns in 7273 under the Tortagno-Nespola stim, foreign policy largely coalesced into maintaining a balance and resisting external influence. For centuries the Anisoran speaking lands had been political chess pieces in the dynastic games of greater Anarian powers to the east and north, with many states coming under the control of nations like Auresia, Amberia, and Becuvitatia, due to the fractured nature of Anisoran geopolitics. However, the foundation of the Anisoran Empire changed this, and permitted a strong, centralised Anisoran foreign policy to emerge for the first time.

Despite Casella remaining the dominant state of the new Empire, Anisoran foreign policy therefore embarked on a totally new phase after 7367. Under the leadership of Marius I, first Emperor of the Anisorans, Anisora became an Anarian power through a series of aggressive wars that greatly strengthened Anisoran influence and prestige, and after the Anisoro-Lusavanic War (7372-7375), supplanted Becuvitatia's position as a major Anarian power, and established Anisora as the hegemonic power of eastern Anaria Minor. This aggressive Anisoran foreign policy continued under Marius II, which brought Anisora into confrontation with many great Anarian powers, but as a result secured its position, in turn, as a Great Power. The first major confrontation with a first rate Anarian power came during the Auresio-Anisoran War (7395-7397), which saw Anisora succeed in supplanting Auresia as the dominant naval power in the Medio Sea, further securing Anisora's growing sphere of influence in western Anaria.

75th century

The Duke of Marra was a major architect of Ansioran foreign policy as prime minister (7424-7435) during the War of the Becuvitatian Succession.

The major test for Anisora's control over its Medio sphere of influence came during the 75th century, particularly during the War of the Becuvitatian Succession (7426-7431), which saw Anisora resist Amberian attempts to curtail the Empire's strengthening grip over the Medio. Anisoran policy in the run up to the War was dedicated to fulfilling the ultimate goals of Anisoran grand strategy, which according to the Anisoran military historian R. Livio di Porghiano, were focused on: expanding her influence and military control over Anaria Minor; maintaining naval control of the Medio; supporting sympathetic regimes in peripheral states around the Medio and Anaria Minor; and expanding colonial power, particularly in the southern Shangti.a The War resulted in the partition of the Becuvitatian Empire between Anisora and Amberia, with the Anisoran Duke of Torzarola-Arese, Michele, crowned King of Becuvitatia. The war confirmed Anisora's Anarian influence while conceding colonial power to Amberia.

After the conclusion of the War of the Becuvitatian Succession, Anarian politics shifted in the run up to the Tandem Wars, with Amberia and Auresia strengthening ties. Faced with a strong alliance between two of Anisora's principal rivals, Anisora's position was highly threatened, especially risking lines of communication to her colonies in Davai. Consequently, the Anisorans reached out to Helland, culminating in the signing of a Treaty of Friendship between Victoria I and Kaiser Frederick Sävert II in the 7430s. However, despite the warming of relations, Anisora did not intervene during the Tandem Wars on Helland's side, as Anisora's attention had switched westwards towards Anat Tahan, with whom a number of conflicts were fought, known collectively in Anisora as the Tahani Wars. The struggle for continental dominance over Anaria Minor would dominate Anisoran foreign policy for the majority of the rest of the 75th century. Nevertheless, when the Decemberist Revolution erupted in Helland in 7473, Anisora broke diplomatic ties with the new Häverist state of Helreich, harbouring numerous aristocrats who had fled the Revolution.

Pan-Anarian War

See also: Pan-Anarian War and Anisora in the Pan-Anarian War

The late 75th century saw Anisora's tenuous position in the wake of the defeat of Helland in the Tandem Wars stabilise with the warming of relations with Auresia. The growing ties between Helreich and Anat Tahan concerned both Anisoran and Auresian politicians, with Anisora particularly concerned over a blockade of the Medio Sea from both east and west. As a result, the two Empires worked on settling historic colonial disputes, eventually culminating in the signing of the Amicizia Accordi (Friendship Accords), which in 7494 established a defensive alliance between the two powers. When Anat Tahan and Errea, both rivals of Anisora and Auresia respectively, joined the United League in 7496, Anisora and Auresia worked closely in preparing defensive plans. During the run up to war, Anisoran and Amberian relations warmed also.

Although many within the Anisoran government protested Willem II of Auresia's decision to harass Hellish shipping through the Hattaro Straits in 7498, citing concerns of Auresian breaches of neutrality and a major escalation, when relations deteriorated and Helreich declared war on Auresia, Emperor Titus I and Anisoran Prime Minister Ermino Viantriola supported Willem II and in turn declared war on Helreich on 7 April 7498, in line with the Second Amicizia Accord. The following day Anisora officially entered the Pan-Anarian War and signed the Treaty of Aschgæt, formally declaring war on the United League, although she was already at war with Helreich at the treaty's signing.

Prime Minister Alessandro Nicotera-Sarno has been responsible for the most dramatic shift of Anisoran foreign policy since the Pan-Anarian War.

Since 7552

Since the end of the fifty-year Pan-Anarian War, Anisora's foreign relations were dominated by a desire to ensure the fragile truce held while she focused on domestic economic recovery. The war had left Anisora with considerable debts, an unemployment crisis, a looming recession, and a significant shrinkage of her industrial exports, as well as necessary cuts to military and naval expenditure. Consequently, Anisoran foreign policy in the immediate aftermath of the War was focused on the balance of power, while focusing primarily on domestic recovery.

Anisora was a signatory of the Treaty of Nisipari (7564), and has since then played an important role in international peacekeeping there, with Anisoran troops remaining today in a reduced capacity (Operation Quercia). Anisora remains committed to Vittmarker independence, and since the signing of the Treaty of Ærilar (7574), has taken an increasing role in the region, with Vittmark remaining an important part of Anisoran Stoldavian policy, particularly in relation to strained relations with Aedeland and the Stolvic Häverist Commonwealth.

The signing of the Treaty of Ærilar in 7574 and the establishment of the Straits Cartel resulted in the biggest shift in Anisoran foreign policy since the War. Originally a signatory of the Treaty, the agreement brought Sir Giulio Tarentina's coalition government down, and brought the Liberals under Sir Alessandro Nicotera-Sarno to power. Staunchly anti-Cartel, Nicotera-Sarno's government undermined the Treaty by introducing a flag of convenience policy, which soured relations between Anisora and many Ærilar signatories, principally Aedeland. The decision to pull Anisora from the Cartel in the aftermath of the signing of the Protocols of Gadalhem in 7579, followed by the withdrawal of Auresia, caused a major international incident that resulted in severely strained Aedelish-Anisoran relations, and the eventual collapse of the Straits Cartel itself.b,c Anisora's aggressive 'free' trade policy and resistance to the Straits Cartel has resulted in Anisora reemerging as a major player in Anarian politics, emerging as the leader of the anti-Cartel bloc. Anisora has consequently enjoyed growing friendly relationships with smaller nations that were against the Cartel, but has also strained relationships with numerous Cartel supporters at the same time.

Sovereignty disputes

  • Anisora claims the Tahani controlled islands of Hereti in the Western Strait, and incidences over the maritime economic exclusion zone are common.

Current policy

Foreign relations

Aedeland

Diplomatic Officials Aedelish Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador Torf av Skringling Ambassador withdrawn
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Relations with the newly established Aedelish Technate, commonly known as Aedeland (Anisoran: L'Adaliza; Pastanan: Aelannia), are extremely strained. Anisora has not officially recognised the new Häverist government in Ålesund, withdrawing its ambassador in XX, 7579. Inheriting the existing strained relations with the Imperial Republic of Aedeland, it remains to be seen how relations with the newly established Häverist government will progress. Considering the deeply entrenched ideological opposition to Häverism that dominates the Anisoran political class, particularly the governing Liberal Party, and the fact that Anisora has not officially recognised the government, relations are likely to remain strained, if not deteriorate further. The proximity between Casella and the Aedelish territory of Achilleio in Anaria Minor continues to raise tensions further.

Tensions with the Imperial Republic of Aedeland prior to the 7579 'Revolution' had been rising in light of Anisora's decision to withdraw from the Straits Cartel, first posited by Aedeland, in April 7579, although relations had been in decline from 7574. Both the 7574 and 7579 federal elections were fought on the Straits Cartel issue, with heated anti-Aedelish rhetoric playing a part in the election campaign. Anisora's actions in withdrawing from the Cartel were heavily criticised in Aedeland, with many conservatives claiming Anisora played a major role in the collapse of the Cartel and the subsequent fall of the Imperial Republic. As a result, there remains considerable anti-Anisoran resentment in Aedeland today.

Amberia

Diplomatic Officials Amberian Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador Vreni zu Kliijn The Countess of Lorrano
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Anat Tahan

Diplomatic Officials Tahani Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Ardennes

Diplomatic Officials Ardennian Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Arsas

Diplomatic Officials Arsasan Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador Lorenzo Danticone-Pametozza
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Relations have only recently been established with the Luorans of Arsas (Anisoran: L'Impero dell'Arsia; Pastanan: Imperium Arsianum). Despite widespread racism against the Luora subspecies in Anisora and contact between Anarians and Luorans being relatively limited, Anisora was the first Anarian state to formally establish major economic ties with Arsas. There is some equation of the Luora and the Wolgos in Anisora, with the horrors of Wolgos atrocities during the Pan-Anarian War leading many to criticise the decision to establish ties with their cousins the Luora. Others argue, however, that the Luora were not involved in the Pan-Anarian War, and have never shown the viciousness of the Wolgos. Nevertheless, racism against the Luora is rife in Anisora, as elsewhere in Anaria.

The signing of the Anisoro-Arsasan Treaty in February 7580 opened up Arsas to official Anarian trade for the first time. The Treaty established diplomatic ties, as well as established Anisora as the leading foreign influence in the country, bringing Anisoran technology and knowledge to Arsas to aid its industrialisation efforts. As a result of the Treaty, Anisora retains considerable economic interests in Arsas, including an exclusive oil concession. The oil industry, led by the Moreva Petroleum Corporation, was a leading influence over pushing for the establishment of commercial ties, and remains highly influential in Anisoro-Arsasan relations. A growing population of Anisorans are living in small settlements in Arsas, where cultural exchange between the Luora and the Arkal humans is common.

Auresia

Diplomatic Officials Auresian Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador Stefano Luzatti DG Lord Savatani
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Auresia is Anisora's strongest ally and partner, with relations having remained extremely friendly since before the Pan-Anarian War. The Anisoro-Auresian alliance dates back to 7494 and the signing of the Amicizia Accordi ('Friendship Accords') when the two empires committed to come to one another's aid in the event of an attack. The two fought together as part of the Aschgæt Alliance during the War. Since the War, relations have only improved, with the marriage in 7549 of the now Emperor of the Anisorans, Marius III, and Avrona Alexandros, granddaughter of the late Auresian Emperor Emshandar III and cousin of the current Emperor, Cephorus IV. The dynastic ties were strengthened further with the marriage of the Auresian Crown Prince Prince Faykan to Princess Juliana of Anisora in 7577.

The Anisoran and Auresian people are culturally, religiously, linguistically, and historically linked and have a great deal in common, both sharing Dragaric heritage, with Anisoran and Auresian mutually intelligible. Anisora and Auresia maintain strong cultural and academic ties, and a great number of businessmen and women maintain business interests in each country respectively, with a strong history of trade and economic openness. The mutual decision to withdraw from the Straits Cartel in 7579 is the most recent example of an alignment of many Anisoran and Auresian foreign policy aims.

Becuvitatia

Diplomatic Officials Becuvitatian Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Halland

Diplomatic Officials Hallish Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Helreich, Mörenburg and the Häverist Commonwealth

Diplomatic Officials Hellish Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Kamura

Diplomatic Officials Kamuran Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador Dame Margareta di Ranacorvo
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Relations with Kamura (Anisoran: Camuria; Pastanan: Camuria) remain neutral. [More to come]

United Royal Provinces

Diplomatic Officials United Royal Provinces Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Yan

Diplomatic Officials Yannic Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Vittmark

Diplomatic Officials Vittmarker Mission Anisoran Mission
Ambassador Arlöf Gertson Holsman av Träskogen Sir Giuliano d'Attenzo
Political Counselor
Trade Counselor
Consular Officer
Military Attache
Cultural Attache {{{guestcul}}} {{{hostcul}}}


Anisora retains a close relationship with Vittmark (Anisoran: Vittamaria; Pastanan: Vittamaria). Anisora remains committed to Vittmarker independence and stability, is a signatory of the Treaty of Nisipari, the founding charter of the federation, and has played a major role in the international peacekeeping operation since the 7560s. Anisora also retains the port concession of Talpei in the city of Talpå, which has since its foundation strengthened economic, cultural, academic, and political ties between the two nations.

The Anisoran Liberal government's strong stance against the Straits Cartel, and especially its opening of the flag of convenience policy in 7574, has benefited Vittmark hugely, allowing them to circumvent the onerous Treaty of Ærilar. Relations only improved thereafter when Anisora formally withdrew from the Straits Cartel after the signing of the Protocols of Gadalhem in 7579. Anisora retains many economic interests with Vittmark, principally a recent order for Imperiale Raphaello-class cruisers for the Vittmarker Federal Navy. The recent decision by the Vittmarker government to grant statehood to the Kakuri people was received critically in Anisora, with many arguing it set a dangerous precedent. The following visit to Anisora by Princess Moa to 'present the case' of the Kakuri was considered a failure, although it did not affect relations.d

See also

Notes

References

a di Porghiano R.L. (7571) Ars Imperatoria Anisorana (7367-7492), Pena. 101-102. (Hallish: Anisoran Military Strategy (7367-7492)).

b Imperial Times (7579) Anisora withdraws from Treaty of Ærilar. 11 April 7579.

c ÆRILYS (7579) Straits Cartel Passes Protocols Amid Criticism. 12 April 7579.

d Surprise visit to Anisora (storyline)

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