Grana

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Grana
Grana Imperiale

Image:1 grana coin.jpg‎
Nationality Anisoran Empire
Currency symbol 𝓰
Sub-units centesimo (c)
Coins 1𝓰, 2𝓰, 5𝓰
1c, 2c, 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c
Banknotes 5𝓰, 10𝓰, 20𝓰, 50𝓰, 100𝓰, 500𝓰
Backing Silver, Gold
Central bank Banca dell'Impero Anisoro


The Grana (symbol: 𝓰; plural: grane), officially the Imperial Grana (Anisoran: Grana Imperiale), is the official currency of the Anisoran Empire and its colonies. It is subdivided into 100 centesimi (singular: centesimo; abbr. c.), also known as 'cent'. The symbol 𝓰, used to denote the currency, is written after the value, for example 10𝓰.

A small number of the states within the Anisoran Empire produce their own local issues of the grana, although the vast majority of states do not retain this right. The local issues, which are fixed at parity with the imperial grana, are: the Matrignanese grana (Grand Principality of Matrignano); the Vattoranese grana (Principality of Vattoro); and the Torzarolan grana (Principality of Torzarola). These local issues have varying recognition as legal tender across the Empire, and only retain official status in their respective state, with each state bank issuing the coins and banknotes themselves. The local issues produce their own coinage and banknotes up to a 50𝓰 note, with the 100𝓰 and 500𝓰 banknotes issued by the Anisoran central bank only.

Although the official currency of the Anisoran Empire, only 40 of the 41 constituent states officially use the grana. The Grand Principality of Lusava and Vascano retains its own currency, the Tag (Õ©Õ¡Õ£), although the grana is often used as a currency of convenience and has legal recognition within the state. The Tag does not, however, have legal recognition in any other state of the Empire.

The Banca dell'Impero Anisoro is the central bank for the Imperial Grana, issuing its own coins and banknotes, and regulating issuance of banknotes by state banks across the Empire. The currency code for the Imperial Grana is GRA.

Contents

Etymology

The grana is the name for many historic currencies of numerous Anisoran speaking states and has been used throughout the last millennium in various forms, principally by the Kingdom of Casella. The term 'grana', which in Anisoran literally means 'grain', comes from the historic amount one would exchange for a bushel of grain during the 64-65th centuries. The coin which emerged in the Kingdom of Casella came to be known as a 'grana', literally a 'grain' or 'bushel of grain' from that context.

History

The modern Anisoran grana was established in 7365 by Marius I as the official currency of the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana and the states of the Confederation of Vetriano. The grana had originally been the currency of the Kingdom of Casella, and for all intents and purposes the new Anisoran grana succeeded the Casellan grana in most aspects, although the currency was reset to the silver standard at the time.

The coins and banknotes that were issued between 7365-7367 were used to begin the process of integration of the states under the control of Marius I which would soon become the constituent states of the Anisoran Empire. When the Anisoran Empire was founded in 7367, the grana's official name was changed to the 'Imperial Grana' to differentiate it from other subsequent local issues of the grana and in recognition of the foundation of the Empire. While the imperial grana was to be used across the Empire as the new, universal currency, Marius I allowed the three most senior states of the Confederation of Vetriano to retain the right to mint their own coinage, in recognition of their special status within the Empire. These local issues are fixed at parity with the Imperial Grana issued by the Anisoran central bank.

Coins

The Anisoran central bank currently issues nine sets of coins of varying value: 1c, 2c, 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, 1𝓰, 2𝓰, and 5𝓰. Below is a table which shows some of the most modern coins to have been issued from the Banca dell'Impero Anisoro, although a great number of earlier coins are still in common circulation across Anisora. The oldest coins still believed to be in circulation, for example, are the 7470 10 and 20 centemisi coins (with coins issued during the short reign of the child emperor Victor I particularly prized). Consequently, it is possible to see the portraits of six emperors in any collection of Anisoran coins. There are furthermore a great number of commemorative coins that are in common circulation, issued at various times and sporting various designs, but are not included in the selective list below due to the large number of these variants.

All Imperial grana coins have the portrait of the monarch under which the coin was issued, as well as the name and title of the monarch (in Pastanan) on the obverse of each coin. As such all coins issued after 7553 retain the portrait of Marius III, facing to the right, and bear his abbreviated regal title: MARIUS III BEN VIND IMP ANI VI M P CA & LU VAQ & P MA.

The full unabbreviated regal title, which is never put on coins due to the lack of space, is as follows: MARIUS III BENEFICIO VINDI, IMPERATOR ANISORANORUM, VIAMINVENTUS, MAGNUS PRINCEPS CASELLAE ET LUSAVAE VASCANIQUE, ET PRINCEPS MARONAE, which translates into Hallish as: Marius III, By the Blessing of Vind, Emperor of the Anisorans, Wayfinder, Grand Prince of Casella and Lusava and Vascano, and Prince of Marona.

Denomination Obverse Reverse Diameter Composition Edge and inscription Introduced
1 centesimo Emperor
Marius III
Personification of Anisora 18mm Bronze Smooth (no inscription) 7578
2 centesimi Crowned Orkanan windmill fan 19.50mm Bronze Smooth (no inscription) 7578
5 centesimi Santorenna Castle 20.40mm Bronze Smooth (no inscription); Reuleaux heptagon 7576
10 centesimi A Casellan lion and a Pastanan eagle under a coronet 21.70mm Cupronickel Smooth (no inscription) 7580
20 centesimi Exemplar Arnald's Hall, Pena 23.00mm Cupronickel Milled (no inscription) 7575
50 centesimi Coat of Arms of the Grand Prince of Pastana 26.50mm Cupronickel Milled (no inscription); Reuleaux heptagon 7574
1 grana Anisor the Great mounted surrounded by laurels 24.30mm Silver alloy Milled with inscription: FIDELITAS VINDO FIDELITAS IPSI
(Faith in Vind is Faith in Oneself; Motto of the Order of the Fauglia).
7562
The Imperial Crown Milled with inscription: AEQUI SUB INGENTI CONSILIO
(Equal under the Great Plan; Motto of the Confederation of Vetriano).
7569
Colombera Palace Milled with inscription: AEDIFICARE CELEBRARE OPERA VINDI EST
(To Build is to Celebrate the Works of Vind; Quote by Ex. Benedetto).
7577
2 grane Griffin Rampant 26.60mm Silver alloy Milled with inscription: SEQUENS EXEMPLUM ARNALDUM
(Following Exemplar Arnald; Motto of the House of Decus)
7573
5 grane Coat of Arms of the Anisoran Empire 29.00mm Silver alloy Milled with inscription: SEQUENS VIAM VINDI, FLOREMUS
(Following the Path of Vind, We Thrive; Motto of the Anisoran Empire)
7570

Local issue coins

Coins issued by the Royal Matrignanese Mint under the current Grand Prince of Matrignano, Michele XI, feature a portrait of the Grand Prince facing to the left, along with his name and abbreviated regal title as follows: MICHAEL XI MAG PRI MATRIGNANI & DUX APP, which translates into Hallish as: Michael XI, Grand Prince of Matrignano and Duke of Apporadena. The full unabbreviated regal title is as follows: MICHAEL XI MAGNUS PRINCEPS MATRIGNANI ET DUX APPORENDENAE.

Coins issued by the Royal Mint of Vattoro under the current Prince of Vattoro, Emmanuele V, feature a portrait of the Prince facing to the left, as well as his name and regal title in Pastanan: EMMANUEL V PRINCEPS VATTORI (Emmanuele V, Prince of Vattoro).

Mint Denomination Obverse Reverse Diameter Composition Edge and inscription Introduced
Royal Matrignanese Mint 50 centesimi Grand Prince
Michele XI
Matrignanese lily 27.50mm Cupronickel Milled (no inscription) 7573
1 grana Crowned Lion Rampant 24.30mm Silver alloy Milled with inscription: UBI AUDACIA EST, IBI VICTORIA EST
(Where there is Daring, there is Victory; Motto of the Order of Exemplar Felixian)
7575
2 grane Crown of Exemplar Otto 26.60mm Silver alloy Milled with inscription: REGERE BENE, REGERE PRO VINDO EST
(To rule well is to rule for Vind; Quote of Exemplar Otto from The Book of Kings)
7567
5 grane Coat of Arms of the Grand Principality of Matrignano 29.00mm Silver alloy Milled with inscription: NUMQUAM SINE VIRTUTE
(Never without Virtue; Motto of the Grand Principality of Matrignano)
7562
Royal Mint of Vattoro 50 centesimi Prince
Emmanuele V
Crowned stag of Tova 26.50mm Cupronickel Milled (no inscription); Reuleaux heptagon 7579
1 grana Coat of Arms of the Principality of Vattoro 25.00mm Silver alloy Milled with inscription: IMPAVIDUS ANTE PERICULUM
(Fearless before Danger; Motto of the Principality of Vattoro)
7576
2 grane Three Vattoranese roses 26.60mm Silver alloy Milled with inscription: DIFFICILE EST, FATEOR, SED TENDIT IN ARDUA VIRTUS
('Tis hard, I admit, yet virtue aims at what is hard; Aullus, Poem 34, line 17)
7572
5 grane Exemplar Vallentina of the Sisters of mercy surrounded by laurels 29.00mm Silver alloy Milled with inscription: TANTUM LUX TENEBRAS EXIGERE POSSIT
(Only Light can drive out Darkness; Motto of the Order of Exemplar Vallentina)
7570

Banknotes

The Anisoran central bank issues six banknotes of different grana values:

  • 5𝓰
  • 10𝓰
  • 20𝓰
  • 50𝓰
  • 100𝓰
  • 500𝓰

In 7576 the Anisoran central bank issued for the first time a 5𝓰 banknote with the intention of slowly replacing the existing 5𝓰 coin with the banknote over the next ten years. As of 7576 both the 5𝓰 coin and banknote are exchanged, are worth the exact same amount and can be used interchangeably. The 7570 5 grana coin was the last to be minted in Anisora, although commemorative 5 grana coins still retaining the recognition as legal tender are expected to be issued in the future, but not in large quantities. The Royal Mint of Vattoro, however, has said it will continue to issue 5 grana coins and has no intention to introduce their own 5 grana banknote.

Local issue banknotes

See also

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