Grand Principality of Lusava and Vascano

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Grand Principality of Lusava and Vascano
Gran Principato di Lusava e Vascano
Մեծ երկիր Լուսևանյի եւ Վաշարատյի
Mec Erkir Lusavanyi yev Vasharatyi
Part of the Anisoran Empire
Flag of Lusava and Vascano   Coat of Arms of Lusava and Vascano
Flag Coat of Arms
Territory Motto Pastanan: Firmitas in Consociando
Lusavanic: ուժ մեջ միության
Location of Lusava and Vascano
The Grand Principality of Lusava and Vascano within the Anisoran Empire
Capital Tenalevan
Founding Date 9 August 7375
Type of Territory Grand Principality
Languages Lusavanic; Anisoran, Pastanan
Government
 • Type
 • Grand Prince
 • Minister-President
 • Federal Assembly

 
Constitutional Monarchy
Marius III
Sir Aram Torosyan
17 seats

Legislature National Parliament of Lusava and Vascano (Azgayin Khorhrdaran)
Formation Succeeded Kingdom of Lusavan
Area 181,302 km² (70,001 sq mi)
Population 5,675,417


This article is about the Anisoran state of Lusava. For other uses, see Lusavan (disambiguation).

The Grand Principality of Lusava and Vascano (Anisoran: Gran Principato di Lusava e Vascano; Lusavanic: Մեծ երկիր Լուսևանյի եւ Վաշարատյի; Mec Erkir Lusavanyi yev Vasharatyi; Pastanan: Magnus Principatus Lusavae et Vascani), also known in Lusavanic as the Grand Principality of Lusavan and Vasharat, is a constituent state of the Anisoran Empire. It is an autonomous state within the Empire, with the Anisoran emperor ruling as Grand Prince as a constitutional monarch. The Grand Principality was founded in 7375 after the Anisoro-Lusavanic War (7372-7375), in which Marius I conquered much of the Kingdom of Lusavan, incorporating it into the Anisoran Empire.

The Grand Principality is a multi-ethnic and multi-religious state, comprising of the majority Izhaic Lusavanic people, and the sizeable Orkanan Vascanese minority, along with ethnic-Anisorans. The state has been plagued by religious and ethnic tensions for much of its history, and these divisions continue to dominate the politics of the region today. It is the second largest state in the Anisoran Empire in terms of both land area and population. The Grand Principality retains its own autonomous multi-party National Parliament (the Azgayin Khorhrdaran), headed by the Minister-President of Lusava and Vascano.

The Grand Principality has over the last one hundred years become immensely wealthy as a result of the hugely profitable oil industry. Extensive oil deposits, which turned out to be the second most productive oil fields in the world, were discovered in Moreva in the 7490s and exploited principally during the Pan-Anarian War. The Moreva Petroleum Corporation remains one of the most profitable and powerful companies in the world and has brought the region considerable wealth, although poverty still remains a problem in many areas of the Grand Principality.

Contents

Etymology

The name Lusavan (Լուսևան) came to describe the Lusavanic people of central Anaria Minor, and the lands in which they lived, as early as the 5th millennium. Coming from the Old Lusavanic root word լուսաւոր (lusawor), meaning star, or more figuratively prophet or bringer of light, as well as the adjectival forms meaning luminous or bright, the region has long been associated with stars and light. The root survives with the same meaning into modern Lusavanic as the adjective լուսավոր (lusavor).

The Old Lusavanic epic poem Struggle of the Stars (Old Lusavanic: կռիւ լուսաւորաց; Kṙiw Lusaworacʿ)1 is generally agreed to have had a major influence on the origins of the name and the traditional assimilation between the Lusavanic people and the stars, with some scholars, most notably the famed Lusavanic scholar R. Hayk Petrosyan, arguing that the epic directly inspired the people to begin calling themselves the “People of the Stars”, or "Luminaries" – Petrosyan's favoured translation (Pastanan: Illustres).a

History

Anisoro-Lusavanic War

Main article: Anisoro-Lusavanic War

The war of conquest waged by the Anisoran Empire over the Kingdom of Lusavan was ostensibly started to “liberate” Anisoran speaking and other Orkanans living under Lusavanic rule, principally in Parrona and Vasharat (Vascano). Although emerging Anisoran nationalism and increasing religious tension undoubtedly played a part in the desire to go to war, most suspected more cynical motives on the part of the Anisoran emperor, Marius I, well known for his ruthless ambition and military credentials. Famously described as a “political necessity” by the Anisoran Prime Minister at the time, the Duke of Jullana, war with the Kingdom of Lusavan, along with the Kingdom of Becuvitatia, had long been a goal of the new Anisoran regime. Together, the two Kingdoms represented the most immediate threat to Anisoran hegemony over eastern Anaria Minor. According to the Anisoran military historian R. Livio di Porghiano:

"War against Lusavan was not only "necessary", but inevitable. The legitimacy of both Marius as Emperor and the entire Anisoran imperial project rested on the "liberation" of all Anisorans and the expansion of imperial protection to all Orkanan people of Anaria Minor. With the Empire barely five years old, the invasion of Lusava presented the Emperor with the perfect opportunity to prove the ambition of the Anisoran project to both his own people and the international community." b

The war against Lusavan widened to a much larger regional conflict with the intervention of the Kingdom of Becuvitatia in 7373, although this only delayed the victory of the superior Anisoran forces. In the aftermath of the crushing Anisoran victory at the Battle of Andravan (7375), the Lusavanic King Aram III, together with his Becuvitatian ally Domnitor Nicolae, were forced to concede to harsh terms dictated by the Anisorans in the Treaty of Loraveno (7375). The Treaty diminished the Kingdom of Lusavan to a shell of its former self, annexing the vast majority of the Kingdom's lands, dividing it between the newly established Principality of Parrona and the Grand Principality of Lusava, which Marius I would rule over personally. Aram III was to abdicate in favour of his young nephew, Ruben XXIII, who effectively became a puppet of the Anisoran Emperor. The final humiliation came with the decision to name the Grand Principality "Lusava," which now dwarfed the Kingdom it took its name from.

Grand Principality of Lusava

75th century

Vascanese national identity

The Vascano people, a sizeable Orkanan minority with ethnic and cultural links to Tovan Anisorans, had suffered greatly under Lusavanic rule during the Kingdom of Lusavan, where their Orkanan religion had barred them from political participation in the Izhaic majority state. Although the incorporation of the lands previously ruled by the Lusavanic King by Marius I brought greater political participation and protection for their Orkanan religious rights, no Vascanese state emerged in 7375, despite calls for one. It would take almost exactly one hundred years for the Vascanese to get true political recognition in the Grand Principality, in the wake of the turbulent years leading up to the Revolutions of 7473.

The Grand Principality of Lusava was renamed the Grand Principality of Lusava and Vascano in 7474 in response to Vascanese nationalist calls for recognition during the Revolutions of 7473 and for their support in putting down the Lusavanic rising. The name change also heralded in a power-sharing agreement, which provided the Orkanan Vascanese minority an official say in affairs of state, culminating in the appointment of Arsen Saroyan as the first ethnic-Vascanese Minister-President of the Grand Principality in 7479.

Pan-Anarian War

Lusavanic nationalism

Since the annexation of Lusavan and the creation of the Grand Principality in 7375, the Lusavanic population has had a strong sense of national identity. As a distinct ethnic group defined mostly by speaking the Lusavanic language and adherence to the Norynan sect of Izha, the Lusavanic people have a strong tradition of nationalism. Although nationalist sentiment has always been present, for much of the 75th century calls for national recognition and independence were actively suppressed by the Anisoran imperial government, and the government of the Grand Principality itself. Anisoran oppression, as well as religiously motivated atrocities against the Izhaic population of Lusava, fuelled nationalist anger which precipitated agitation, strikes, and terrorist attacks across Lusava. The repressive and anti-Izhaic policies of the Anisoran prime minister the Count of Andagna during the 7460s and 7470s, in particular, contributed to Lusavanic nationalist uprisings during the Revolutions of 7473. The largest uprising during the Revolutions was led by the Lusavanic nationalist Vardan Gevorgyan, whose religio-nationalist uprising against Anisoran rule, which called for independence and the end of religious persecution against Izhaics, is still remembered in Lusava today, with many nationalists considering Gevorgyan a national hero and martyr. After the Revolution was put down, reforms were introduced that granted Lusava a constitution, considerable autonomy within the Empire, and protections for the Izhaic population.

Nationalist sentiment increased during the Pan-Anarian War, particularly during the the 7510s and 7520s when Emperor Flavian's military government severely restricted freedoms and suspended the constitution for an extended period of time (as he had done across the Empire, irrespective of the state). Nationalist leaders during that time rallied under hatred for the Anisoran emperor, who was also their head of state as Grand Prince of Lusava, and called for agitation against the war effort. This polarised opinion within Lusava, with many more moderate nationalists claiming that fighting the War was necessary for upholding Lusavanic national pride and ensuring her lands were not overrun. The oil fields in the north of Lusava were a major target for Tahani and United League forces for much of the War. Some nationalists at the time, however, encouraged the advance of the Tahani armies to liberate them from Anisoran tyranny. As fellow Izhaics, many ultra-nationalists, such as Nayek Verdyan, saw the Tahani as natural allies against the Orkanan Anisorans. However, these calls were condemned in a vicious but highly successful propaganda campaign orchestrated by the Anisoran government, which portrayed the Tahani as savages, and highlighted the key differences between the Norynan Izhaic sect the vast majority of Lusavans followed, and the more orthodox Kökenleri sect followed by many Tahani.

Today nationalist sentiment is mostly expressed through protests and parliamentary politics. The Lusavan National Party (LAK) (Lusavanic: Լուսևանյան Ազգային կուսակցություն; Lusavan Azgayin Kusakts’ut’yun) is the largest nationalist party in Lusava, and remains one of the two largest parties in the National Parliament. The Party actively calls for independence from the Anisoran Empire. The LAK remains controversial, however, as they have been suspected of supporting terrorist activity, including most famously an attack on a Moreva Petroleum Corporation oilfield in 7577, which resulted in numerous deaths. The Party is banned from standing in the federal elections, meaning they cannot field candidates for election to the Anisoran Chamber of Deputies.

The Lusavan League (LL) is the largest political party in Lusava, which can stand in federal elections, and remains a more moderate party, supporting certain nationalist policies nevertheless. These policies include civilian oversight of the Lusavanic military,2 further protections for the Izhaic faith, and Lusavanic state control of oil reserves, among other policies. The LL normally receives the vast majority of votes of Lusavans during federal elections, have traditionally remained a significant block in the Chamber of Deputies, and remain the most dominant and powerful Lusavanic voice in the imperial parliament.

Geography

Government and politics

Marius III, the Grand Prince of Lusava and Vascano.

Administrative divisions

The Grand Principality is separated into 14 regions, known as government districts, which are each then divided into smaller subdivisions known as counties. The capital city of the Grand Principality, Tenalevan, is the smallest of these government districts, and is where the national government buildings are located. The Grand Principality is a unitary state, and as such the districts are administered by the central government, with varying degrees to decentralisation in the districts themselves. While regional governments do retain authority to administer certain local matters, most administration of the districts is conducted by the National government from Tenalevan. The Vascano regions in the north east of the Grand Principality do, however, retain some degree of devolution of powers, with greater control over local matters including infrastructure and internal policing.

Grand Prince

The head of state of the Grand Principality of Lusava and Vascano is the Grand Prince. Since the foundation of the Grand Principality in 7375, the Grand Prince has always been the reigning Emperor of the Anisorans, with the title constitutionally tied to the reigning Emperor. A such the current Grand Prince is Marius III.

The Grand Prince is a constitutional monarch, who retains executive authority in conjunction to the Cabinet of the elected government in the National Parliament, with all bills requiring his or her approval to pass into law. The Grand Prince also has the power to dismiss the legislature, in which case new elections must be held within two months. The Minister-President, the head of government in the Grand Principality, is appointed by the Grand Prince and can be dismissed by him or her, although this has rarely happened since major autonomy was granted to the Grand Principality in 7473. The Grand Prince is also Commander-in-chief of the Lusavanic armed forces, principally the army.

National Parliament

Sir Aram Torosyan, the current Minister-President of Lusava and Vascano.

The National Parliament (Lusavanic: ազգային խորհրդարան; Azgayin Khorhrdaran), located in the capital Tenalevan, is the seat of government in the Grand Principality. The Parliament enjoys the single largest degree of autonomy of any sovereign parliament in the Anisoran Empire. The Parliament is unicameral with a multi-party parliamentary system, with voters in the Principality also voting in federal elections to elect representatives to the Chamber of Deputies in Pena, in the Casella.

The leading politician and head of government is the Minister-President, elected on a term of 5 years at a time. The role is unique in the Anisoran Empire, with all other constituent states' governments headed by a prime minister. The Grand Prince retains the constitutional authority to dismiss the Minister-President, although this has happened only rarely. The current Minister-President is Sir Aram Torosyan, leader of the largest party in the National Parliament, the Lusavan League (LL). The current Leader of the Opposition is Sevan Torosyan-Danobyan, Leader of the Lusavan National Party (LAK).

Autonomy and constitution

Economy

Oil

Culture

Demographics

Religion

Religions of Lusava and Vascano
Norynan Izhaic
  
73.22%
Peratolian Orkanan
  
17.28%
Alí̱theia Izhaic
  
4.83%
Mennity Orkanan
  
1.50%
Kökenleri Izhaic
  
1.24%
Mellanhand Orkanan
  
0.76%
Other
  
1.17%

According to the constitution drawn up in 7473, the Grand Principality has no official religion, with freedom of religion being a constitutional right. While many would claim this right has not always been enforced since the constitution was adopted, the right remains enshrined in the constitution, and since the fall of the military government in 7518 has been more or less upheld within the state. Nevertheless, the largest religious group is Izha, followed by Orkanan. The 7575 census recorded a majority of Izhaics (79.29%), which includes followers of the Norynan sect (73.22%), the Alí̱theia sect (4.83%), and the Kökenleri sect (1.24%); and a minority of Orkanans (19.54%), which includes Peratolians (17.28%), Mennity Orkanans (including members of the Mennity of Vanlösa) (1.50%), and Mellanhand Orkanans (0.76%). The remaining 1.17% include other minority Orkanan congregations, a very small number of followers of Kamuran Celestialism, and self-declared atheists.

The major religious divide in the Grand Principality between Izha and Orkanan generally follows the ethno-linguistic divide between the Lusavanic and Vascanese populations (as well as ethnic Anisorans). The Lusavanic speaking population is overwhelmingly Izhaic, with the 7575 census recording 98.10% of native Lusavanic speakers identifying as Izhaic. Izha, and in particular the majority Norynan sect, is held by many Lusavans to be intrinsic to their sense of national identity, and despite the Grand Principality having no official religion, the Noryanan sect retains special privileges and prominence in Lusavanic society. Conversely, the Peratolian Congregation enjoys semi-official status in Vascano, with the Grand Prince retaining ultimate religious authority over Vascanese Orkanans. The role of the Grand Prince as the principle religious leader in Orkanan Vascano has remained a recurring issue for the majority Izhaic population, with some nationalist politicians calling for the Grand Prince to renounce his role as head of the Vascanese congregations in order to reflect his supposedly secular role as head of state. This concept, however, is totally alien to Orkanans, with Grand Prince Marius himself refusing to comment on the issue.

Religious tensions

Throughout its history as a constituent state of the Anisoran Empire, the Grand Principality has suffered from a great deal of religious tension, between the Izhaic majority population (largely correlating to the Lusavanic people) and the Orkanan minorities (including ethnic Anisorans, but chiefly the Vascano people). Numerous religious atrocities have been committed in the region at various flashpoints of religiously motivated violence throughout its history. The most infamous of these include the suppression of the religio-nationalist uprising led by Vardan Gevorgyan in 7473, coinciding with the general unrest gripping Anaria during this period, the so-called Revolutions of 7473. The Anisoran government brutally put down the abortive rising, executing thousands of nationalist and Izhaic leaders for treason, as well as further thousands of civilian deaths during the fighting – the vast majority of which were Izhaic. A number of Izhaic and Lusavanic nationalist historians consider the event just one example of state-sponsored ethnic and religious cleansing of the region under Anisoran Orkanan tyranny.

Coat of arms

See also

Anisora  Anisora portal

Notes

1 Today only fragments of the original epic survive. Scholars have estimated that the epic in full would have contained over 9,000 lines, with only 2,778 surviving today, mostly through citation by other ancient authors (most notably Pastanan chroniclers), as well as a small number of inscriptions found in recent archaeological digs in and around the ancient capital of Tanavan. For further detail, R. Hayk Petrosyan's 7510 commentary (in Pastanan) is considered the most comprehensive scholarly work on the Epic.a

2 According to the Constitution of the Grand Principality of Lusava and Vascano, the Grand Prince is commander-in-chief of the military. During the Pan-Anarian War major efforts to integrate the armies of the Anisoran Empire resulted in significantly reduced direct Lusavanic influence and control over her armies.

References

a Petrosyan, R.H. (7510) Commentarius: Certamen Stellarum, Tenalevan. (Hallish: The Struggle of the Stars: A Commentary); also available in Lusavanic with Armen Mirak's acclaimed 7573 translation.

b di Porghiano R.L. (7578) Expeditiones Marii Primi, Pena. 287-8. (Hallish: The Campaigns of Marius I).

   Constituent states of the Anisoran Empire   
Grand Principalities CasellaLusava and VascanoMatrignanoPastana
Lesser Principalities KelloriaMaronaParronaPensanoPilanoSoglianoTorzarolaValbianoVattoro
Archduchies Marcara-MinliorinaMontagnolaValmoresca
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Dependent Islands Fazagoria ▪ Sobrano ▪ Tarisasca and Verolo ▪ Tino
Free Cities DarcoleFabrignaMarocidaPandagnaToselloValamaggioreVastoira
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