Hallish language

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OOG note Hallish language is based on English with some changes to pronunciation, grammar, and lexicon.

Hallish is the official language of Halland. It is spoken by over 14 million people as a first language. The 7 million people having Eyachish as first language almost all master Hallish to some extent. Due to the well developed trading economy, science and literature, the language has a much higher status as one would expect by the mere amount of speakers.

Contents

History

The first versions of Stoldish were spoken already in the 55th century, but at that time Thultannian languages were still dominant. The language evolved due to the Aldsay migration in the 64th century, which also pushed the language distribution more inland. This mixture of proto-Stoldish and early Aedelish has been identified as the earliest form of Hallish have laid the foundation for the current day language. For centuries the language became influenced by Auresian from the south, not in the least due to the manifestation of trading guilds with Auresian background in most of the port cities.

This Middle Hallish was characterized by the Great Vowel Shift, inflectional simplification, and linguistic standardisation due to the inclusion of the region in the Greater Stoldavic Empire. Simplification included the loss of case and had effects on sentence structure. This rather informal language was codified again by the Kingdom of Halland. This post-imperial version is nowadays known as Modern Hallish.

Classification and related languages

Hallish is a Southern Stoldish language, sometimes even classified as a Thultannia Stoldish language. The language is as good as interintelligable with XXX in XXX. This is not the case with Eyachish, which also belongs to the southern branch. Of all the Stoldish languages, Hallish has changed the most from its common ancestry with Midlandish, Stoldish, Aedelish or Wortsproke, especialy because of the inclusion of many Auresian and Ardennan vocabulary.

Geographical Distribution

The heartland of the language is located in southern Halland, a region coinciding with the Kingdom of Halland from before the unification with The Meenship.

Dialects and varieties

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Phonology

The phonetics and phonology of the Hallish language differ from one dialect to another, usually without interfering with mutual communication. Most dialects share the same 24 consonant phonemes. The pronunciation of vowels varies a great deal between dialects and is one of the most detectable aspects of a speaker's accent.

Grammar

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Vocabulary

Hallish is an immensely rich language in terms of vocabulary, containing more synonyms than any other language. The language is characterized as being especially open to borrowing of foreign words throughout the last 1,000 years. About 30% of the vocabulary has its roots in Auresian, another 30% in Ardennish. Only 25% of the words are Stoldish in origin, with the remaining 15% being mixed compund words.

Writing system

Hallish uses the standard Anarian alphabet. The spelling system or orthography is multi-layered, with elements of Ardennis and Auresian spelling on top of the native Stoldish. Further complications have arisen through sound changes with which the orthography has not kept pace. Hallish has spelling that is a less consistent indicator of pronunciation and standard spellings of words that are more difficult to guess from knowing how a word is pronounced. For example peculiarities where the "u" in "bush" is pronounced differently than the one in "rush". The consequence of this complex orthographic history is that learning to read can be challenging.

Significance

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