History of Vittmark

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The history of Vittmark officially covers only a decade, since the state was created in 75664RH as a result of the Treaty of Nisipari. This article only describes the history of Vittmark as a nation state. The history of predecessor states is described in articles on Liden, Ådalen, Hagen, the Greater Stoldavic Empire, Skara Samverkan, the Orkanan Realm of Stoldavia and others.


Treaty of Nisipari

Despite the end of the Pan-Anarian War in 7555, the situation in northwestern Stoldavia remained far from peaceful. After a short period, the Three Way Conflicts started between rivalling states Hagen, Liden and Ådalen. One of the events that triggered the conflict was the transition of Nelfsthal / Inälvsdalen from Mörenburg to the House of Kulla. Since Karl av Kulla was living in exile, Liden tried to gain control over the area quickly. The conflict was getting more and more complicated, with Auresia guarding the copper mines of Kopparbruk, several Orkanan volunteers defending the sanctuaries in Östervallen and the presence of security forces from Aedeland in Hagen, in order to secure iron production in this war torn region.

Karl av Kulla wanted to create a lasting peace in the region. Thanks to the extensive connections to royal and noble families all over Anaria, he was able to win over a range of nations to the idea of creating a confederation between Liden, Hagen, Ådalen and their dependancies, trying to secure the production of raw material as basis for further industrialisation for the entire region. Karl av Kulla managed to convince all parties involved to come to a conference in the Becuvitatian city of Nispari in 7564.

After several rounds of talks chaired by High Commissioner Garoche Lord Lupentramm from Auresia, the Anarian nations and the states of the regions could agree on the formation of Vittmark as a federal nation state with Hagen, Liden and Ådalen as primary members. International peacekeepers would oversee the implementation of the treaty, as well as the establishment of a federal state in the region. Karl av Kulla became head of state for the new federation.

Rule of King Karl (7564-7566)

Karl av Kulla was coronated King Karl av Vittmark in Östervallen in June 7564. Instead of prioritizing the foundation of federal institutions and government, King Karl started to oversee the implementation of the Treaty of Nisipari on a more basic level. Security was arranged by peacekeeping forces from Auresia, Amberia, Halland, Anisora and other nations. These took over military positions and roadblocks, securing free passage throughout the new nation. Policing forces from Aedeland were withdrawn.

Mivö, Skara and Kötthagen received their own autonomy, while federal law was introduced in Inälvsdalen, Friställen, Uppforsbackar, Kram and Kletudde. The autonomy of Östvallen and Kopparbruk was finalized. King Karl then got the task of uniting the nation under Orkanan principles, but strictly within a neutral and non-aggressive international policy. He started laying the foundation of a decentralized federal semi-parliamentary monarchy.

The king had just been able to install a provisional federal government in 7566, when he was murdered by a lone assassin on the streets of Östvallen. Crown prince Thomas was also killed in the attack, which took place on the steps of city hall in central Östervallen. The king and prince had just attended the constitutional meeting of the city government of Östvallen, the last of the member state governments to become operational.

The alleged shooter, a man identified as Östvallen citizen Theodor Mattson Moms, was killed by local police forces when he resisted arrest. It has never been proven that Moms was the actual shooter, and in case he was, it still is unclear if he operated on his own behalf or as ordered by any of the rival groups within the young state.

Due to the lack of a constitution or succession order, it was unclear who would continue the task of building up Vittmark. After the ceremony in Östervallen, representatives from signatory nations agreed on proposing Karl's only surviving offspring, his daughter Anna av Kulla from his second marriage, as heir-apparent.

Rule of Queen Anna (7566-ongoing)

Anna av Kulla continued implementing the Treaty of Nisipari further. She not only reshuffled the provisional cabinet, but also gave them a clear task and deadline, already before her coronation in June 7567. The cabinet's role was to prepare the foundation of institutions that would divide legislative from executive government and splitting the legislative into a federal parliament and House of Lords. The House of Lords was founded in September 7568. Elections for Förbundsdag, the federal parliament, were organized in the autumn of 7568. The Förbundsdag was inaugurated in January 7569. With that, the execution of the Treaty of Nisipari had been completed.

One of the first actions of the newly coronated Queen was a decree declaring Wortsproke as the official language of Vittmark. It is a recent creation out of several dialects and language variations in the region, constructed primarily for internal communication bewteen the different entities within the federation. Queen Anna has been clear that people, local government and even member states are allowed to continue using their own variations, as long as adequate registration of Wortsproke compatible documents is being made.

The first years of Anna's rule were characterized by many local, regional and even state level rebellions. In general one could say that the structure of society as led by armed warlords and their militias came to an abrupt end, a new situation which took many of the militiamen by surprise. After three decades of Pan-Anarian War and 15 years of internal conflicts, local power structures based on armed force had become the default. However, due to the foundation of reformed government institutions and the presence of international peacekeepers, there was no longer a need for armed men to roam the streets. Rebellions can therefore be seen as part of the struggle by many to adjust to the new situation. The transition of power from warlords to civilian politicians is an ongoing process, where regressions occur less and less.

Infrastructure projects

The first Executive Cabinet, which was also installed in September 7568, got a clear mission from Queen Anna: organizing a federal budget which would help stabilize the country and stimulate the (re)development of wartorn and peripheral regions. The flagstone project for this mission was the Blue Mountains Railways, an infrastructure project connecting the underdeveloped regions south of the Blue Mountains with the rest of the country. The south is rich in iron and coal findings, but also provides opportunities for agriculture and forestry in the vacuum that was created when Mörenburgers left the area a decade before.

The railways were opened after two and a half years of initial construction in September 7570. Since then, continuous upgrades have been made in order to make travel more reliable, shorter or more comfortable. The connection of the cableway from King Karls Mines added to the importance of the railway.

Since the opening of the railways, emphasis has shifted towards the construction of a single east-west railway in broad gauge. This project is implemented more slowly due to uncooperative local and regional administrations.

Internal structure

The constellation of the federation has changed several times during the reign of Queen Anna. In 7568 she offered the freestanding religious order of the Bengtist stonds a non-territorial membership of the federation. In a response, the also landless stonds of Fjällsta Stift offered allegiance to the crown in the autumn of 7568. This resulted in Fjällsta Stift being incorporated as second non-territorial unit within the federation early 7569. In contrast with the 3000 nomadic followers of the Bengtist stond, Fjällsta Stift consists of over 200,000 people living mainly in southern Vittmark.

A year later, the three southern federal territories Inälvsdalen, Friställen and Uppforsbackar merged into the member state of Sörmark, becoming effective in January 7570. Later that year, a group of corporate holdings managed by the Fisks stim on the east coast of Altaia applied first for mutual military assistance, and later for full membership. Fisks was entered into the federation in April 7571.

Due to the new Constitution of Vittmark (see below) the two remaining territories Kram and Kletudde became member states as well in January 7574. The federation's status as an asymmetrical gathering became official, with Liden, Ådalen, Hagen and Kötthagen showing the largest amount of autonomy, while Kram, Kletudde, Laxholmen, Dunsvik, Kulla, Mivö, Östervallen and Skara have delegated more tasks to the federal level. Fisks, Fjällsta and Kopparbruk have an intermediate position.

Ådalen's attempted sesession of 7570

The Ådahl family of Iunsala Stift had a firm grip on Ådalen, even after inclusion in Vittmark. Göran Ådahl was installed as the head of state in 7566, but it is no secret that his father Staffan still was making the decisions. Furst Göran declared Ådalen independant again in the autumn of 7569. This largely due to the influence of former warlords that still made up the majority of the executive and representative boards in Ådalen.

He was however removed from power after a palace revolution led by his younger sister Ulla Ådahl, the current furstin of Ådalen. She postponed the implementation of the secession, claiming that the response of the rest of Vittmark would be devastating for this state that still hadn't recovered from decades of war and unrest.

Ådalen withdrew its representatives from the House of Lords and Förbundsting for 3 years, claiming that it only wanted to meet the other member states in order to discuss secession. Members of parliament returned on-and-off from the autumn of 7572 on in an attempt to block a change of power.

As a result of the negotiations surrounding the new Constitution of Vittmark, Ulla Ådahl managed to gain support for a free association treaty as a basis for permanent inclusion within the federation. Furstin Ulla has always defended the treaty as the best thinkable continuation of Ådalen in the reality of the 76th century, through a self chosen cooperation with its neighbors towards a common future. As a compromise, Ådalen had to withdraw its claims on outlying territory.

Attempted coup d'etat of 7571-7572

An attempted coup d'etat in Vittmark took place on March 2nd 7572 at the parliament building in Östervallen. An armed group tried to make Queen Anna av Kulla abdicate in favor of her nephew Erik Thomasson av Knutskulla. The group was led by Ragnar Eriksson ätte av Knutskulla, distant uncle of Queen Anna and (former) head of the Vittmarker Senate. The queen's recently founded stim was held hostage at Blåkulla at the time, but she defied the threat by publicly announcing the attempted coup d'etat while addressing the federal parliament.

Division of Liden 7572-7574

The attempted putsch had been supported by the leadership of Liden. The federal government passed legislation in order to isolate the government and take away control over military capacity. Many member states passed legislation banning the use of Lidenish military uniforms and insignia. A proposal has been made to federalize the Lidenish navy, which isn't able to use the naval ports in Östvallen and Kletudde anymore.

It became possible in May 7572 to construct federal railways in broad gauge on Lidenish soil without consent of the member state, the hundred nor stift. Planning this railway between Östvallen and Hinnårum (with a side branch towards Skara) was used to drive a wedge between the different cities and regions.

When coal and food supplies ran low in the autumn of 7572, revolts started in many cities. This resulted in active interference by federal forces. In October 7572 an attempt was made to take over the naval base of Tammerköping. In November Queen Anna delivered an ultimatum, which didn't get a proper answer. However, a third of the navy now openly distantiated itself from the administration in Månsta.

In December 7572 a political party built around Furst Magnus nephew Östen Lundén gained 8 of the 25 designated seats in the federal parliament. In April 7573 Furst Magnus was arrested in Kopparbruk during a recess of the constitutional meeting. The lack of respons from the national government resulted in nine hundreds breaking away from Månsta. In June 7573 these hundreds pledged allegiance to Lundén, resulting in 40% of the population now opposing central rule. This marked the end of a long period of centralized government in Liden.

In September 7573 Magnus av Månsta was found guilty for plannning and executing a coup d'etat, conspiracy and treason against the federal government. That same day, the executive officer of the 3rd Lidenish Navy demanded the entire Av Månsta clan to resign. While local militias supporting Lundén were keeping the Liden military busy in the capital of Månsta, the 3rd Navy could easily march towards the government complex. After a siege of 12 hours, the government complex surrendered, but most of the figureheads of the fallen regime had managed to escape beligerence through a series of underground infrastructure. The 3rd Navy declared itself Overlord of Månsta Stift. In December 7573 talks between the 3rd Navy and Lundén didn't result in a unification of government yet.

Constitution of Vittmark

In December 7572 the House of Lords filed for a constitutional process. On December 22nd the Federal Parliament approved of the Senate initiative. The executive government presented a road map towards a constitution on January 29th 7573 in Federal Parliament. Only 15 of the 17 member states were invited to the constitutional process, because the other two officially are federal territories and with that subject to the outcome of the process by default.

An outline document as formulated by the Executive Cabinet was discussed at a constitutional meeting of 15 state leaders on March 20th in Kopparbruk. Leaders from Ådalen, Liden, Hagen and Kötthagen stated that they preferred a voluntary confederation, between all the member states or between the larger states and a separate federation of the smaller states. The queen proposed an intermediary round of talks with representatives from the remaining member states, who quickly reached an agreement on an outline document for a constitution. This document was completed on May 30th for revision and debate. On June 20th Östen Lunden, the opposition leader of Liden, stated that he would see to it that Liden would join this federation and abandoned the standpoint for a confederation.

The cabinet was able to finish the draft document for approval in the House of Lords on August 28th. The proposal document entered its ratification stage on September 1st. Kulla Kronområde ratified the constitution on September 2nd, followed by Kopparbruk on September 4th and Bengtist Stift on September 7th. An improvised plebiscite in Liden on December 18th 7573 paved the way for the last of the ratifications, which meant that the new Constitution becomes operational on January 2nd 7574.

The Kakuri people

In 7575 the Kakuri people presented themselves to federal authorities on Fisks. Fjällsta Stift surprised the other member states by accepting the Kakuri stond in its registry, making these unregistered natives from Gilles Carls citizens of Vittmark. It resulted in the inclusion of the Kakuri people as a non-territorial member state in 7578, despite heavy internal and international opposition. The crown princess is an associated member of the Kakuri administration and as such appointed head of state. She also manages the Eastern Crown Domains, a federal territory on lease from Fisks where the Kakuri are living.

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