Marius I

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[[Category:Emperors of Anisora|Marius I]] [[Category:Anisora|Marius I]] [[Category:Nobility|Marius I]] [[Category:Royalty|Marius I]] [[Category:House of Decus|Marius I]]
[[Category:Emperors of Anisora|Marius I]] [[Category:Anisora|Marius I]] [[Category:Nobility|Marius I]] [[Category:Royalty|Marius I]] [[Category:House of Decus|Marius I]]

Latest revision as of 23:00, 4 November 2019

Marius I
Emperor of the Anisorans
King of Casella and Pastana
Grand Prince of Casella

Grand Prince of Lusava
Marius I
Marius I in a general's uniform, by Di Morrello (7370)
Emperor of the Anisorans
In Office
12 July 7367 - 19 April 7384
Coronation 20 July 7367
Predecessor Valerio V and III (of the Dual Kingdom)
Successor Marius II
Prime Ministers Marquess of Maniaponte
Duke of Jullana
King of Casella and Pastana
In Office
12 July 7365 - 9 March 7370
Coronation 18 July 7365
Predecessor Valerio V and III and Giulia I (claimant)
Successor Himself as Emperor of the Anisorans
Grand Prince of Casella
In Office
10 March 7370 - 19 April 7384
Coronation 3 September 7367
Predecessor Valerio V of Casella
Successor Marius II
Grand Prince of Lusava
In Office
28 March 7375 - 19 April 7384
Coronation 11 September 7375
Predecessor Aram III (of the Kingdom of Lusavan)
Successor Marius II
Grand Master of the Confederation of Vetriano
In Office
18 August 7364 - 8 September 7367
Personal Details
Born 15 February 7326
Alzeno, Kingdom of Casella
Died 19 April 7384 (aged 58)
Fazagoria, Anisoran Empire
Spouse T. Lucciana di Sariano
(m. 7347; div. 7358)
P. Sophia Carrara-Merignola
(m. 7358; died 7366)
Princess Erelia of Amberia and Eilän (m. 7368)
Issue Marius II (Detail)
Full Name Tito Mario Deco
House House of Decus
Father Raphael, Duke of Marra
Mother H. Viola Decus-Pellania, Duchess of Marra
Religion Peratolian Orkanan

Marius I (Anisoran: Tito Mario Deco; Pastanan: Titus Marius Decus; 15 February 7326 - 19 April 7384) was an Anisoran military and political leader who rose to prominence and power during the Anisoran Civil War and reigned as King of the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana before crowning himself Marius I, Emperor of the newly established Anisoran Empire in 7367. He is considered to be the father of the modern Anisoran state and has been celebrated as the first person to fully unite the Anisoran speaking peoples and lands across the Medio. He led Anisora through extensive territorial expansions in Anaria Minor and waged a number of successful wars against Becuvitatia and Lusavan, as well as establishing Anisora as a colonial power in Altaia, D'Runia and the Shangti. He has remained one of the most celebrated leaders in Anisoran history, being arguably the single most important patron of culture in Western Anarian history, with many of his extensive social, economic and military reforms remaining influential across Anisora and beyond today. He does, however, remain a controversial figure, with many criticising his reliance on military power, his divisive purges of the 'old aristocracy' and his autocratic powers and disempowerment of the Senate.

Contents

Early life and education

Marius was born on 15 February 7326 to G. Raphael Decus and H. Viola Decus-Pellania, Duke and Duchess of Marra, in Palazzo Soriana, the family’s residence in the city of Alzeno in the Kingdom of Casella. He was born Tito Mario Deco, commonly transliterated by historians to Gaius Marius Decus in the Pastanan tradition, and was the first son and fourth child of the Duke and Duchess of Marra.

The Decus family (Anisoran: Casa del Deco) rose to prominence half a century before Marius’ birth when his paternal grandfather, F. Alessandro Decus, Viscount of Ginestreto, was granted the title Duke of Marra in gratitude of his support of Valerio III, King of Casella, during the Tortagno-Nespola restoration of the Kingdom of Pastana in 7273. His grandfather, through the patronage of Valerio III, built the Decus family into the predominant military family in Casella, with his son and his grandson Marius both following in his footsteps by rising to the rank of Marshal.

Duke Raphael, Marius’ father, was a very harsh man, cold and entirely humourless, whereas his mother Duchess Viola was gentle natured and maintained a positive relationship with her son throughout his life, as extensive letters testify, in which he was known to frequently ask her advice. Marius had a strained relationship with his father from childhood. He was frequently told how his father disapproved of his behaviour, principally his emotional and outward nature.

Many biographers have noted the starkly different relationship Marius maintained with his children, especially his first child Grand Prince Marius, to that of his own relationship with his father. P. A. Moraneponte hypotheses that the emotional repression Marius suffered as a child and adolescent under his father’s tyranny affected Marius’ own fatherhood and ensured he proved to be the father he had wished Raphael had been. This romantic view, however, is far from the entire story, as Marius had an extremely fraught relationship with his daughter Adriana.

In 7334 at the age of 7, Marius began receiving private lessons from P. Ermino Della Movare, one of the most respected tutors operating in Casella at the time. His initial academic progress was slow, much to the frustration of his father. Over the next few years Marius was put through a rigorous academic regime, in which he was often put in isolation to study. It was during these years that he developed his passion for letter writing, with Moraneponte commenting that "letter writing became his only solace during these difficult years, and would remain his principal outlet for the rest of his life." Although undoubtedly harsh and causing Marius a great deal of misery, his academic progress developed significantly by 7339 when he matriculated at the Exemplar Felixian College for Boys in Alzeno, a renowned institution that provided an early military-orientated education. Marius enjoyed his time at the college greatly, being both a reprieve from the rigorous regime of his tutor as well as his father, and he performed well in most of his subjects, with history proving his favourite.

Early career

Anisoran Civil War

Main Article: Anisoran Civil War

Confederation of Vetriano

Main article: Confederation of Vetriano

After Marius' victory at X pressed loyalist forces to flee across the Medio to Pastana in 7364, the entirety of Casella as well as the Tovan states, many of whom still refused to declare for either side, effectively came under Marius' direct rule. His first move into the region was to accept the surrender of those states and their princes and dukes that had declared for Princess Giulia and had provided troops to the loyalist army. Chief among these was the influential King Alfonso II of Matrignano and Prince Ferrando IV of the Principality of Vattoro. After Prince Ferrando surrendered to the Duke, the aged King Alfonso was still defiant, but was eventually relieved of command by a mutiny amongst his forces and was placed under house arrest by Marius. Marshal T. Luigi Orsiani (later known as the Prince of Tamaricciola) was installed as military governor of Matrignano and the Kingdom was secured as the most important client state of Marius Decus' growing empire.

With all resistance in Tova being quashed by the Duke's marshals by mid-August, on 18 August 7364 Marius summoned all the leaders of the Tovan states to Vetriano Castle. When the rulers were under arrest by Decus, or were with the loyalist army in Pastana, pro-Decus aristocrats were elevated as official representatives of their state, although they largely played lip-service to their respective military governors. At the Castle, Marius signed the Treaty of Vetriano, named after the Castle in which it was signed, followed by all the representatives of the Tovan states, thus establishing the Confederation of Vetriano. According to the constitution of the Treaty, Marius was declared Grand Master of the Confederation, who oversaw all military and foreign policy decisions, with all other major decisions being decided by the Council of Princes (made up of the heads of state or official representatives), which would sit at unspecified intervals under the supervision of the Grand Master. The Treaty was ratified after Marius' coronation as King of Pastana and Casella in 7365, with all member states sending representatives to the coronation to swear allegiance to the new King. The Confederation would only be in existence for three years, it being dissolved when the member states became constituent states of the Anisoran Empire in 7367.

Ruler of Anisora

Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana

Consolidation of power

Purges

Anisoran Empire

Establishment of the Anisoran Empire

La Riforma

Beginning during the Civil War, and the foundation of the Confederation of Vetriano in 7364, Marius set about transforming the political landscape of what would soon become a unified Anisora, especially in Tova. After securing victory during the War, ambitious plans were drawn up to redraw the map of Eastern Anaria Minor to reflect the changing political landscape and Marius' undisputed dominance over the region. The vast majority of the territorial reforms which would come to fruition during Marius' reign happened immediately after the foundation of the Anisoran Empire in 7367, known collectively as La Riforma (literally "the reformation"). At the foundation of the Empire, the constituent states of the Confederation of Vetriano did not automatically become constituent states of the Empire. Major restructuring of the political landscape took place, including the complete integration of all County-level states into larger states or, in some cases, they were abolished outright. A large number of existing states were promoted, such as the Principality of Pensano (promoted from a Duchy), while some were demoted or integrated into larger states, such as the Duchy of Corciano-Limeno (absorbed by the Grand Principality of Casella). Numerous new states were created, including the Archduchies of Valmoresca and Montagnola, among a number of others.

One of the most notable changes was the replacement of the Kingdoms with Grand Principalities in 7370. The reasons for this change has often confused historians, as the Kingdoms included the principal Kingdoms of Casella and Pastana, both the primary titles of Marius himself before he was crowned Emperor. Although counter-initiative to many historians, most agree that the decision was made primarily due to Marius' distrust of King Alfonso III of Matrignano, who was the only other person who held the title King apart from Marius himself and his brother Alessandro I of Marona. Alfonso had already proven himself a reluctant client and there was general anxiety over his potential as a restoration figurehead, around which Marius’ enemies could rally.

On the advice of his Prime Minister the Marquess of Maniaponte, Marius allowed Alfonso to retain the throne of his uncle, Alfonso II, to ensure continuity and avoid unrest in the Kingdom during the delicate post-civil war period. According to the Amberian historian Karolin äv Eiberhavn, Marius seized the opportunity during the Riforma to clip Alfonso’s wings and, in effect, demoted him, by reforming the Kingdom of Matrignano into the current Grand Principality. To avoid a potential crisis, Marius also designated the Kingdoms of Casella, Pastana and Marona as Grand Principalities to avoid making Alfonso into a martyr.

Military expansion

Anisoro-Lusavanic War

Main article: Anisoro-Lusavanic War

The Anisoran invasion of the Kingdom of Lusavan (7372-7375) marked Marius’ first major action on the international stage. Although the invasion of Marona in 7366 had drawn international interest, it was generally viewed as a regional conflict. The invasion of Lusavan, however, would have far reaching international consequences and would mark the assent of Anisora to a Great Power, at the expense of not only Lusavan, but also the Holy Kingdom of Becuvitatia.

The war was ostensibly waged to “liberate” Anisoran speaking and other Orkanans living under Lusavanic rule, principally in Parrona and Vasharat (Vascano). Although emerging Anisoran nationalism and increasing religious tension undoubtedly played a part in the desire to go to war, most suspected more cynical motives on the part of the Anisoran emperor, well known for his ruthless ambition and military credentials. Famously described as a “political necessity” by Marius’ Prime Minister, the Duke of Jullana, war with the Kingdom of Lusavan, along with the Kingdom of Becuvitatia, had long been a goal of the Anisoran regime. Together, the two Kingdoms represented the most immediate threat to Anisoran hegemony over eastern Anaria Minor. According to the Anisoran military historian R. Livio di Porghiano:

"War against Lusavan was not only "necessary", but inevitable. The legitimacy of both Marius as Emperor and the entire Anisoran imperial project rested on the "liberation" of all Anisorans and the expansion of imperial protection to all Orkanan people of Anaria Minor. With the Empire barely five years old, the invasion of Lusava presented the Emperor with the perfect opportunity to prove the ambition of the Anisoran project to both his own people and the international community

— Livio di Porghiano, The Campaigns of Marius I (7578)

The war against Lusavan gained true international significance with the intervention of the Kingdom of Becuvitatia in 7373, although this only delayed the victory of the superior Anisoran forces. Marius’ forces, with only minor setbacks, steadily advanced, culminating in the invasion of Peritatia and the crushing Anisoran victory at the Battle of Andravan (7375). The battle resulted in the Lusavanic forces under King Aram III, as well as their Becuvitatian allies under Domnitor Nicolae, surrendering, and were forced to concede to the harsh terms dictated by Marius in the Treaty of Loraveno (7375). The Treaty diminished the Kingdom of Lusavan to a shell of its former self, annexing the vast majority of the Kingdom's lands, dividing it between the newly established Principality of Parrona and the Grand Principality of Lusava, the latter of which Marius would rule over personally. Aram III was forced to abdicate in favour of his young nephew, Ruben VII, who effectively became a puppet of the Anisoran Emperor. The war is generally agreed to have been the first nail in the coffin of Becuvitatian continental power and confirmed Anisora’s, and Marius’s, hegemony over eastern Anaria Minor and the western Medio region.

Colonial aspirations

Death

Marius I's tomb in Ex. Arnold Hall, Pena.

In early November 7383, the emperor, while visiting his close friend Viscount Montagua at his Penan residence, collapsed when attempting to stand after dinner with considerable abdominal pain. His physicians were called for, and the emperor demanded to return to the Palace, and was said to have apologised to his host in between coughing fits. The doctors were unsure what the cause of his pain was, with various diagnoses proving ineffectual. Sir P. Antonio Di Rotto, the emperor's physician, concluded that the emperor needed fresh air and a break from official duties, claiming stress to be the primary cause. The emperor was moved to his residence on the island of Fazagoria by mid December. By January he had lost a significant amount of weight, his skin yellowing, with his abdominal pain increasing. Over the next few months his condition worsened, much to the frustration of his physicians, until he was eventually entirely bedridden due to his pain; something he had resisted persistently. While on Fazagoria, and even while bedridden, the emperor continued to receive government papers and continued to rule. However, as his condition deteriorated he was no longer able to focus due to the pain. On the morning of 19 April 7384 the emperor died while he slept. His son and heir, the Prince of Pastana, along with several of his other children, had been called a few days before by the emperor's doctors, although the empress remained in Pena, and were at the residence when he died. Retrospective analysis of the emperor's symptoms has led modern doctors to conclude that the emperor died of Cholangiocarcinoma, a relatively rare form of liver cancer.

On 20 April, the late emperor was dressed in his uniform and placed in an oak coffin, which was then transported to Pena via ship. The coffin was placed in the throne room of Colombera Palace, where it was sealed and lay in state, with four Corazzieri guards standing at each corner of the bier. On the morning of 25 April, the coffin was placed on a gun carriage and drawn by black horses to Exemplar Arnold Hall, Pena, with the new emperor and his family walking behind. Following a brief service, the imperial family left, and the Hall was opened to the public; over 300,000 people filed past the coffin over the next two days. The emperor was then buried in the purpose built crypt, designed to the emperor's exact specifications a decade before, inside Ex. Arnold Hall.

The new emperor, Marius II, who had been incredibly close to his father, wrote in his diary on the day of his father's death:b "Today the Anisoran people understand my own and my siblings' suffering. We have all of us lost our father today. And I have lost my closest friend and adviser. May Great Vind guide me along the most sacred Path I must now journey down."

Personality

Marius' personality has been well documented by historians via contemporary accounts and especially the extensive written correspondence the king and emperor kept throughout his life. He was a prolific letter writer and was said to have spent over three hours everyday writing both personal and official letters. He took great pleasure in writing, contrasting sharply with his son Grand Prince Marius, who delegated most letter writing to his secretaries. The emperor's prime minister and close friend the Duke of Jullana said in 7375 that Marius often preferred written communication over face to face conversation, relating the story that during a ball at Colombera Palace in 7371, the emperor was asked for his orders regarding a sensitive diplomatic mission, to which he replied "write me a letter and I shall reply in due course," after which he returned to dancing.

He kept extremely well organised letters, which eventually filled an entire room of Colombera Palace as he refused to throw any away, and has proved an invaluable source of information for historians, claimed by the historian Dame P. Maria Arene-Sortugna to be "the single greatest historical resource for the study of early [Anisoran] imperial history." The most extensive corpus of letters by far are the letters between Marius and his first wife Lucciana di Sariano, Duchess of Bogliano. The letters reveal the extraordinary devotion the two retained for each other, a devotion which only strengthened after their divorce in 7358. Their relationship was common knowledge, and after the death of his second wife, Lady Sophia Carrara-Merignola, he made no secret of their relationship. The toll her tragic and premature death took upon Marius in 7375 is reflected in his letters to friends and family, which articulated his depression and grief in great detail.

He frequently outwardly expressed emotion, unusual for an Anisoran, something he was often criticised for by his father and second wife Duchess Sophia. He would express his frustration and displeasure at those less competent than himself and those whom he viewed had failed him. He also gained a reputation for ruthlessness during the Civil War, a reputation he maintained throughout his reign. He showed little mercy to traitors, despite his total reliance on 'traitors' to the crown during the Civil War. After winning the war and assuming the crowns, he maintained an unyielding view that his power was absolute and his position unimpeachable.

In 7379 after the abortive Vendrella Rising, he ordered the execution of over 6,000 participants and known collaborators without a second thought. After being asked by the Count of Dornata if he understood that order included the execution of women and children, he replied "I understand perfectly. If you ever presume naivety on my part again, I will make you understand the realities of ruling firsthand." He frequently made threats to his more unruly subjects, knowing full well that many desired his downfall. His threats were never considered idle, however, as his ruthless treatment of the supporters of the Duchess of Pensano testified. He showed little respect for rank when he had decided a person was disloyal.

He often made vocal claims that Vind had intervened on his behalf throughout his life, claims that led many of his critics and his more pious supporters to view him as arrogant and blasphemous. The Orkanan historian L. Ermino Rigiona-Sorda commented that "the ruthless pragmatism of Marius knew no bounds; bounds beyond even the realms of mortals on Gotha. Mighty Vind was a tool for his legitimisation just as much as his armies". These claims were not solely taken as pragmatic cynicism, however, but were accepted by many of Marius' interventionist supporters as reflecting the divine favour Marius enjoyed as Vind's chosen representative and Furst of Anisora. Nevertheless, his letters testify to a genuine belief in his divine right to rule.

Marius was well known for his independence of mind and action, often ignoring the advice of his prime minister and other advisers. His autocratic mentality was absolute and he would not stand any but a few questioning him, even in private. His first wife Lucciana and his second Prime Minister the Duke of Jullana were two of only a hand full of people he listened to beyond those matters he knew nothing about. Although a firm believer in his own ability, Marius was known to delegate decisions on matters he knew little about to those he trusted, but these matters were rarely matters of importance.

Despite his ruthless reputation and quick temper with those who displeased him, he was very loyal to his friends and closest supporters, granting extensive titles and honours on his closest friends. He held a strong sense of propriety with those he respected and whose company he enjoyed, and often took slights (even perceived slights) against his friends personally. The Duke of Jullana, an altogether more reserved man than Marius and one of his oldest friends, was said to have wept like a child when he heard of Marius' death. He also earned a cult-like following within the army, with his military genius and soldiering personality gaining him the unquestionable love of generals and soldiers alike.

Image

Reforms

Warfare

War is the only thing worth living for and peace the only thing worth dying for.

— Marius I, Emperor of the Anisorans, 7371

Society

Religion

Many religious historians have drawn parallels between Marius I's religious policy and the organisation of the Orkanan congregations under the Orkanan Realm of Stoldavia, where Orkanan organisation was considerably more concentrated in top-down administration than in later times. The strong belief the emperor held in his divinely appointed office, and the emphasis his supporters placed upon his success, ability and piety, managed to generate considerable support from amongst the peratolians of Anisora. In 7367, on the day of his coronation, he famously claimed "had Wondrous Vind not wanted me to rule, I would not be here," a concept largely accepted by his interventionist subjects.

However, the increasing centralisation of the Peratolian Congregation around his own person as Furst (Orkanan 'King'), the divinely appointed guide of Vind's Masterplan, created a number of enemies within the traditionally independent Orkanan clergy, especially in rural areas. However, during his early rule, the emperor significantly reduced the power and influence of the clergy, bringing in sweeping legislation in 7369 which forced all peratolian clergy, with other Orkanan denominations and congregations being added in 7372, to take the Imperial Oath and recognise Marius as Principle of the Congregation and 'Wayfinder of the Great Plan' - a title inspired by similar titles used during the Orkanan Realm. His inclusion of non Peratolian congregations was a controversial act, but was concurrent with the emperor's general policy of religious liberation and freedom in the Empire. By all accounts, Marius I's reign was a time of considerable religious freedom, something which would largely disappear under his successor Marius II due to the religious tensions arising out of the Tahani Wars.

He severely restricted the legal rights of individual stims to self-regulate themselves and hold the traditional 'stim courts' which were still widely practised on the Anisoran islands and rural areas. In 7372, during a speech introducing the ban on these 'stim courts' (known in Anisora as Regole della Casa; lit. 'Rulings of the House'), the emperor outlined the absolute need for religious unity under the law and stated:

The Laws and Constitutions of the Empire are for all Anisoran people and must be upheld and protected by every stim, socken and stift across our Empire. Only together can we begin to understand the Great Works of Mighty Vind; only together can we truly magnify All-Knowing Vind's Masterplan; and only together can we contribute to the Wondrous Plan for the Glory of World-Encompassing Vind.

— Marius I, Emperor of the Anisorans, 7372 c

This speech, which also outlined a great number of other religious reforms, and despite its clear religious message, was famously described in 7498 by Anisoran theologian G. Isabella Fornarello to have been "one of the most radical examples of secularisation since the fall of the Orkanan Realm." The increased secularisation established by Marius I has largely survived in modern Anisora, with the emperor retaining considerable religious authority and power as Principle of the Congregation and "Wayfinder of the Great Plan," with the Congregation almost entirely answerable to the secular law Marius I established.

Patronage

Legacy

Criticism

Marius I has been widely considered to be one of the most controversial figures of the seventy-fourth century, with some claiming he was 'an enlightened despot' who rode the crest of nationalism to build the first united Anisoran state since antiquity, and others claiming he was a ruthless tyrant and usurper who built a personal empire by wilful disregard for the lives of his subjects.c Many scholars and political commentators have questioned the legitimacy of Marius I's reign, echoing the criticisms of his opponents during his reign, particularly during the Civil War, that he was a traitor and usurper of the rightful Queen of Pastana and Casella, Giulia I. Generally speaking, however, and perhaps predictably, Marius I is rather well remembered in Anisora, although even in Anisora he is not without critics. The Anisoran historian P. Adriano Moraneponte, fellow of Ex. Arnald College, Peradotto, is one of the most outspoken Anisoran critics of the emperor, although his accounts generally conform to the positive nationalistic narrative prevalent in Anisoran treatments of the emperor. In his seminal biography of the emperor, The Life of Marius Decus: The First Emperor, he claims:

The greatness of Marius I, while it cannot and should not be denied, did not manifest from nothing. It was built upon the back of military adventure, ruthless opportunism, and above all the wealth of the deposed aristocracy. The grandeur of the Early Empire, the shining piazze of Pena, and the successful military campaigns were all bought and paid for by violent regime change and unscrupulous wealth redistribution. In short, the Empire was paid for by its first exiles.

— Adriano Moraneponte, Marius Decus: A Political Life (7549) e

However, rather cynically alluding to Marius I's extensive, and much admired, architectural rejuvenation of many Anisoran cities, Moraneponte quips that Marius I is often remembered for his cultural programme rather than his, according to Moraneponte much more historically important, political legacy: "When inquiring the common citizen as to Marius I's legacy, he or she is just as likely to narrate an extensive list of buildings than his social reforms and constitutional legislation." Amongst his most controversial actions was, obviously, the execution of the Duchess of Pensano and a significant number of influential aristocrats and his seizure of their assets and those of other loyalists he exiled immediately after the Civil War. His apologists and most nationalistic Anisoran historians would, however, argue that this was a necessary evil in the establishment of stable government and the inevitable, and retrospectively desirable, foundation of the Empire.

The autocratic nature of Marius' reign has been criticised by many historians in recent years, with many scholars criticising senatorial impotence during his and his successors' future reigns. The Amberian historian Karolin äv Eiberhavn, argues that:

The Civil War and the rise of Marius Decus' autocracy stalled the establishment of true constitutional monarchy and democracy in Anisora for over one hundred years. The constitutional monarchs of the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana during the half century before the Civil War were amongst the most liberal and constitutional leaders of their age in Anaria. The delicate nurturing of the democratic movement from its humble beginnings under the late Tortagno-Nespola dynasty was completely destroyed by Marius I's contempt for senatorial power and resulted in the disestablishment of the last one hundred years of political progress.

— Karolin äv Eiberhavn, Marius I of Anisora (7568) f

Although many scholars would agree with äv Eiberhavn, the Anisoran scholar Dame P. Maria Arene-Sortugna argues the most commonly held view that "Marius I's constitutional legislation laid the foundations for not only the modern Anisoran Empire but also for modern Western Anaria,"f referring to the adoption of the Anisoran form of constitutional government in X and X after the Pan-Anarian War.

Influence

Marriages

Marius' first wife, Lucciana di Sariano, Duchess of Bogliano (7340-7375).
In 7347 Marius married T. Lucciana di Sariano, the eldest daughter of the Count of Sambuccio, who in turn was a close personal friend of Marius' father Duke Raphael. The match had been arranged for a number of years and both the young Marius and Lucciana were said to be happy with the arrangement at the time. They spent a number of happy years together, but much to the dismay of both, no children were born. With considerable reluctance, Marius divorced Lucciana in 7358 in favour of P. Sophia Carrara-Merignola, a cousin of the Duke of Carini. Despite their divorce, Lucciana and Marius remained extremely close throughout their lives, much to the consternation of their respective spouses (Lucciana went on to marry the elderly Viscount of Amaville in 7369), and it was well known that they remained lovers during the years in the run up to the Civil War and Marius valued her advice right up until her premature death in 7375. In 7366 he created Lady Lucciana the Duchess of Bogliano, a title she retained until her death.
Marius' third wife Erelia äv Ajas-Anstegen, Grand Duchess of Amberia and Eilän (7342 – 7424).

Marius' marriage to Lady Sophia, styled Duchess of Marra from 7360 and briefly as Queen of Pastana and Casella between 7365-66, was widely known to be unhappy, with Sophia constantly infuriated at the persistent presence of her husband's ex-wife. Nevertheless, the couple's first child, Raphael Marius (after the late Duke), was born 3 January 7361. The couple had a further three children, Tullia Victoria (7363), Marcus Julius (7364), who died shortly before his fifth birthday, and Clara Adriana (7365). After the birth of Adriana, the first child of Marius to be styled Princess from birth, Duchess Sophia caught a fever and never recovered from the traumatic birth. Much to the confusion of doctors, her condition deteriorated and she died, at the age of 26, in 7366. After the Duchess' death, Lady Lucciana was moved to Pirignolia House, very close to the Palace in Pena, and was often seen with King Marius over the next two years.

After Duchess Sophia's death, Marius was very keen to marry into one of the established royal families of Anaria and solidify his new Empire in the eyes of the ruling families of Anaria. In 7368 he secured this with his marriage to Princess Erelia, daughter of Aje-Kateriin I and sister of Adelædis IX of Amberia and Eilän, with whom he had a further three children: Princess Tiberia Larissa (7369), Prince Hosto Aurelio (7371) and Prince Lucius Flavius (7375), who died only six months later. The combined death of his youngest son and the death of the love of his life Lucciana in 7375, was one of the toughest years of Marius' life, with him living in almost complete solitude for a month afterwards and never quite getting over the death of his "migliore amica", his best friend Lucciana.

Titles, styles, honours, and arms

Titles and styles

  • 15 February 7326 - 14 February 7344: The Honourable Titus Marius Decus
  • 15 February 7344 - 29 March 7360: His Lordship The Viscount of Ginestreto
  • 30 March 7360 - 11 July 7365: His Grace The Duke of Marra
  • 12 July 7365 - 11 July 7367: His Royal Majesty The King of Casella and Pastana
  • 12 July 7367 - 9 March 7370: His Imperial and Royal Majesty The Emperor of the Anisorans, King of Casella and Pastana
  • 10 March 7370 - 27 March 7375: His August Imperial Majesty The Emperor of the Anisorans and Grand Prince of Casella
  • 28 March 7375 - 19 April 7384: His August Imperial Majesty The Emperor of the Anisorans, Grand Prince of Casella and Grand Prince of Lusava
    • (Everywhere but Casella and Lusava) 22 November 7379 - 19 April 7384: His August Imperial Majesty The Emperor of the Anisorans

Marius Decus held a great number of both noble and military titles throughout his life, inheriting the title of the Duke of Marra from his father before assuming royal and imperial titles. On his eighteenth birthday in 7344 he was granted the courtesy title of Viscount of Ginestreto, the subsidiary title of his father. After the full dismantlement of the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana, the Emperor ceased using his royal style. When his imperial style is used exclusively, the title "August" is added, but not when combined with "His Royal Majesty". In November 7379 the Emperor decided to drop "Grand Prince of Casella and Lusava" from his shortened title, favouring the simpler "Emperor of the Anisorans" for formal and public occasions when outside the Grand Principalities of Casella and Lusava. His title Grand Prince was, however, still used when the Emperor was in the Grand Principality itself (excluding the city of Pena). Upon the Emperor's death, the only title not to pass to his heir Marius, Grand Prince of Pastana, was the Dukedom of Marra, which he desired to be passed to his younger son Prince Aurelio, who became the 4th Duke of Marra.

Between 12 July 7365 and 11 July 7367 his full title was: "His Royal Majesty Marius I of the House of Decus, By the Will of Great Vind, King of Pastana and Casella, Grand Master of the Confederation of Vetriano, and Duke of Marra." The Emperor's full title upon his death in 7384 was: "His August Imperial Majesty Marius I of the House of Decus, By the Blessing of Vind of the Highest, Emperor of the Anisorans and Their Dominions and Territories, Wayfinder of the Great Plan, Grand Prince of Casella, Grand Prince of Lusava, Duke of Marra and Father to his People".

Anisoran honours

Military appointments

  • 20 April 7368: Honorary General, Royal Vattoran Army (Principality of Vattoro)
  • 13 June 7368: Colonel-in-Chief of the Reggimento dell'Imperatore di Corazzieri
  • 2 October 7370: Colonel-in-Chief of the Fulminari Guards
  • 10 October 7375: Honorary General, Ducal Guard (Duchy of Marucchella)

Foreign honours

  • XXX: XXX

Honorary foreign military appointments

Arms

See also: Imperial Coat of Arms of Anisora

During his lifetime, Marius bore a number of arms, reflecting not only his ever changing power and position, but also the evolution of the Anisoran Empire from the combined arms of the Dual Kingdom. The first set of arms he bore in his own right was upon being granted the title Viscount of Ginestreto, the courtesy title of the heir-apparent of the Duke of Marra on 15 February 7344, arms which he bore until he assumed his father's title of Duke on 29 March 7360. After his victory in the Anisoran Civil War in 7365, he was crowned King of the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana, and took the arms of the previous King Valerio V and III, although some variants of these arms replace the golden lion of the Tortagno-Nespola kings with the golden griffin of the House of Decus and the Dukes of Marra. The arms took the traditional Pastanan form of a black eagle bearing a crowned shield and is understood as an initial attempt to establish continuity with Valerio whilst usurping the Duchess of Pensano's claim to those same arms.

On 12 July 7367 Marius crowned himself Emperor of the Anisorans and his coronation declared the establishment of the Anisoran Empire. As Emperor-King, he took new arms which overhauled the traditional royal arms of the Kings of Pastana and Casella, and quartered the shield with the newly assimilated Imperial Griffin (of the House of Decus, which also combined the royal eagle of Pastana and the royal lion of Casella) and the traditional quartered shield of the Dual Kingdom, all of which crowned by the new Imperial Crown. The new motto, (in Pastanan) Sequens Viam Vindi, Floremus, (Hallish: Following the Path of Vind, we thrive), was adopted as the motto of both the Emperor and the Empire and the grand collar of the Order of the Fauglia framed the shield, which in turn is supported by two crossed sceptres, one with an eagle, the other a lion (again reflecting the royal symbols of the Dual Kingdom).

On 10 March 7370, the Kingdoms of Pastana and Casella were dissolved and replaced by the respective Grand Principalities of Pastana and Casella, and Marius renounced his dual status as Emperor-King. As such his arms changed once again and replaced the quartered shield of the previous three years with a much simplified shield of a golden griffin on teal background. This was to become the standard shield of the Anisoran Empire and the arms as Marius bore them from then on are the arms all subsequent Anisoran monarchs have bore, with only slight variations.

Coat of arms of Marius,
Duke of Marra
(7360-7365)
Coat of arms of Marius I,
King of the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana
(7365-7367)
Coat of arms of Marius I,
Emperor of the Anisorans and King of Casella and Pastana
(7367-7370)
Coat of arms of Marius I,
Emperor of the Anisorans
(7370-7384)

Issue

NameBirthDeathSpouseChildren
Marius, Grand Prince of Pastana
Later Marius II
3 January 73617 December 7423??Victoria I
Victoria II
Princess Bella, Princess of Sogliano
Princess Serena, Countess of Abatemarco
Princess Victoria, Princess of Vattoro14 March 73636 February 7451Giuliano VI, Prince of VattoroPrincess Adriana
Giuliano VII, Prince of Vattoro
Prince Julius24 April 736421 March 7379NoneDied without issue
Princess Adriana31 September 73657 July 7413??Princess Claudia
Princess Maria
Prince Cornelius
Princess Avana
Princess Tiziana
Prince Victor
Princess Sophia
Princess Larissa, Duchess of Jullana20 December 73693 April 7399L. Ermino Rufus, 2nd Duke of JullanaH. Flaviano Rufus, 3rd Duke of Jullana
T. Mario Rufus, 4th Duke of Jullana
T. Norberto Rufus
Prince Aurelio, 4th Duke of Marra12 August 737112 January 7444L. Luisa da MatrignanoPrince Aurelio, 5th Duke of Marra
Prince Michele
Prince Flavio1 December 737518 May 7376NoneDied without issue

Ancestry

 
 
 
 
8. Giancarlo Decus, Viscount of Ginestreto
 
 
4. Alessandro, 1st Duke of Marra
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Luisa della Torverine, Viscountess of Ginestreto
 
 
2. Raphael, 2nd Duke of Marra
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Roberto Montefilora XIII, Count of Torliano
 
 
5. Adriana Montefilora, Duchess of Marra
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Lisabetta di Figlorena, Countess of Torliano
 
1. Marius I of Anisora
 
 
 
 
 
12. Adriano VI, Duke of Panzolla
 
 
6. Adriano VII, Duke of Panzolla
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Paola della Torverine, Duchess of Panzolla
 
 
3. Viola Decus-Pellania, Duchess of Marra
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Alessandro d'Orsina, Baron of Ranevelle
 
 
7. Giulia d'Orsina, Duchess of Panzolla
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Maria of Viceno, Baroness of Ranevelle
 


See also

Anisora  Anisora portal
Nobility  Nobility portal

Notes

References

a di Porghiano R.L. (7578) Expeditiones Marii Primi, Pena. 287-8. (Hallish: The Campaigns of Marius I).

b Emperor Marius II's diary, 19 April 7384, Imperial Archives.

c Rigiona-Sorda, L.E. (7478) Leges Religionis Contionis Peratolianae (7367-7452), Valamaggiore. 110. (Hallish: The Religious Laws of the Peratolian Congregation).

d Maron, T.P. (7549) Marius Decus: Publica Vita, Peradotto. 2. (Hallish: Marius Decus: A Political Life).

e Moraneponte, P.A. (7571) Vita Marii Decii: Primus Imperator, Peradotto. 78-79. (Hallish: The Life of Marius Decus: The First Emperor).

f äv Eiberhavn, K. (7568) Mar𐍁hs I äv Anisārµ, Jiirstät. 182. (Hallish: Marius I of Anisora).

g Arene-Sortugna, Dame P.M. (7573) Imperiale Legatum Marii Primi et Suorum Successorum, Valamaggiore. 24. (Hallish: The Imperial Legacy of Marius the First and His Successors).

Offices and distinctions
Marius I
House of Decus
Born: 15 February 7326
Royal and dynastic titles
Preceded by Emperor of the Anisorans Succeeded by
Title created 7367 - 7384 Marius II
Preceded by King of the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana Succeeded by
Valerio V and III 7365 - 7370 Title abolished
Preceded by Grand Prince of Casella Succeeded by
Valerio V and III (as King of Casella) 7370 - 7384 Marius II
Preceded by Grand Prince of Lusava Succeeded by
Aram III (as King of Lusavan) 7375 - 7384 Marius II
Preceded by Grand Master of the Confederation of Vetriano Succeeded by
Title created 7364 - 7367 Title abolished
Peerage of Casella
Preceded by Duke of Rena Succeeded by
Valerio Tortagno-Nespola 7365 - 7384 Marius Decus
Preceded by Duke of Marra Succeeded by
Raphael Decus 7360 - 7384 Aurelio Decus
Order of precedence
Preceded by Order of precedence in the Anisoran Empire Succeeded by
First as Emperor of the Anisorans Empress-consort of the Anisorans
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