North Bhazen Mountains

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==See also==
==See also==
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|Portal 1 = {{Portal:Anisora}}|
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*[[Greater Bhazen Mountains]]
*[[Greater Bhazen Mountains]]
*[[Levan Mountains]] (East Bhazen Mountains)
*[[Levan Mountains]] (East Bhazen Mountains)
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*[[List of highest mountains]]
==Notes==
==Notes==
==References==
==References==
[[Category:Mountains]][[Category:Anisora]]
[[Category:Mountains]][[Category:Anisora]]

Latest revision as of 18:56, 6 November 2019

North Bhazen Mountains
Monte Poravetta
Monte Poravetta, the highest mountain in the North Bhazens
Highest point
Peak Monte Poravetta (Anisora)
Elevation 4,264.4 m (13,989 ft)
Isolation
Parent peak
Coordinates
Naming
Etymology From Ancient Parnethian καταναίω katanaio; to dwell, settle)
Native name Anisoran: Garde Nord
Parnethian: Βόρεια Κάζενια (Vóreia Káhzenia)
Pastanan: Gardi Septentrionales
Geography
Topographical map of the North Bhazen Mountains
Topographical map of the North Bhazen Mountains
Location Anaria Minor
Country Anisoran Empire
Parent range Greater Bhazen Mountains
Geology
Mountain type
Type of rock
Volcanic
Last eruption
This article is about the North Bhazen Mountains. For the Bhazen Mountains proper, see Greater Bhazen Mountains.

The North Bhazen Mountains (Anisoran: Monti Garde Nord; Parnethian: Βόρεια Κάζενια Όρη (Vóreia Káhzenia Óri); Pastanan: Montes Gardi Septentrionales), also known as the Lesser Bhazens or the Garda Mountains, are a mountain range in Anaria Minor spanning roughly 800km (497 miles), making them the Xth longest mountain range in Anaria.

The North Bhazen Mountains, as the name implies, is a junior branch of the much larger Greater Bhazen Mountains to the south, which is the largest mountain range in Anarian Minor. The North Bhazens straddle the north of the subcontinent, forming the western border of the Anisoran Empire with XXX. The Anisoran states of the Grand Principality of Casella, Principality of Sogliano, Duchy of Montemara, and the Duchy of Montevalle are located along the mountain range. The range's highest mountain, Monte Poravetta, is located in Montevalle, and stands at 4,264m (13,989 ft). The largest settlement in the North Bhazens is the city of Datalano, the capital of Sogliano.

The Lesser Bhazens are known for their natural beauty, alpine forests, and rich wildlife. Today the mountain range remains very popular with mountaineers and is known for training many famous Anarian mountaineers. The mountain range is considered the spiritual home of the Anisoran Società degli Montanari (Society of Mountaineers).

Contents

Etymology

The name Bhazen is believed to have derived from the Ancient Parnethian verb καταναίω (katanaio), which means to dwell or settle, specifically the aorist form, κατένασσα (katenassa). Sometime during the mid to late 7th millennium the tau (τ) [t] morphed into a zeta (ζ) [z], rendering Κάζενια (Káhzenia), as in modern Parnethian and all Natuhay languages of Achilleio. In the Heyelrem languages of Anaria Minor, the kappa (Κ) [k] was replaced by a Pastanic 'B' [b], forming Bhazenia in XXX, for example. Modern Hallish uses the Heyelrem form, hence Bhazen.

Dragaric languages, however, refer to the range as the Garda mountains. Believed to have derived from the Late Pastanan and Old Anisoran verb garder, meaning to guard or to save, the name for the mountain range came from the past participle form gardatum, literally 'that which guards'. This name is believed to have been given to the Northern Bhazen range in the face of Izhaic invasions of Casella throughout the 7th millennium, with many Orkanan writers, including Alf Giuliano di Pormino, maintaining that the mountains act as the breakwater that keeps Orkanan Anaria safe from the spread of the Izhaic sects. The large number of castles and fortresses that protect the entrance into central Casella in the mountains reaffirmed the association between the Bhazen mountains and the protection of Anisoran-speaking and Orkanan Anaria Minor. The shortened form of gardatum, Garda, is used by most Dragaric languages today, including Anisoran, Ardennian, Auresian, Campian, and Urdinese.

Geography and key features

The North Bhazen Mountains are a geographic feature in Anaria Minor that extend northwards in a shallow arc from the Greater Bhazen Mountains further south. The range is around 800km (497 miles), and is 150km (93 miles) in width at its widest point. The range protrudes north forming the north-western terminus of the Makur Valley, the largest river valley in Anaria Minor, and forms the western border of Anisora, although the northern-most section of the mountains, the Torbanese foothills, exactly divide northern Casella between east and west. The North Bhazens are separated from the Greater Bhazen Mountains to their south by the high mountain Torfka Pass and the Torfka Valley, running north-east from the Pass.

The highest point of the North Bhazens is Monte Poravetta, located in the Anisoran state of Montevalle, and stands at 4,264m (13,989 ft). Other prominent peaks include Monte Valoria (4,247.4m; 13,934 ft), to the north of Poravetta, and Monte Ticano (4,198.7m; 13,775 ft) further north still.

Ecology

The flora and fauna of the North Bhazen Mountains share many similarities with the Greater Bhazen Mountains to the south, but are nevertheless highly varied. The North Bhazens in particular are known for the expansive alpine forests that surround and climb the mountain range, supporting a great deal of wildlife. Historically, these alpine forests and the contiguous deciduous forests at lower altitudes dominated the entire region, but recent deforestation has meant that approximately only 40% of the tree cover in 7300 remains standing today - mostly as a result of industrialisation and the expansion of lumber industries during the 74th century. Nevertheless, the region is known for its forests, and the picturesque vistas in the foothills.

Above the tree line is the area defined as "alpine" where alpine meadow plants are found that have adapted well to harsh conditions of cold temperatures, aridity, and high altitudes. The alpine area fluctuates greatly because of regional fluctuations in tree lines, but includes numerous species that can be found at very high altitudes. The North Bhazens are known for the large variety of mountain flowers, ranging from alpine flowers common to most mountain regions of northern Anaria, to more rare and isolated types of flower, including the Gardanthus Caeruleus, known for its distinctive light blue colour and sweet scent, and can be found in altitudes as high as 3,000m, or even higher. Other unique flora includes the lichen commonly known as fioresangue (literally 'blood flower') in Anisoran after its deep red colour and tendency to grow down the rock, resembling dripping blood.

The fauna of the North Bhazens share much similarity with the Greater Bhazens, with many thousand of types of animals and wildlife which have adapted to the cold conditions and high altitudes. The largest mammal to live at the higher altitudes is the chamois, which can be found at elevations up to at least 3,600 m (11,800 ft). Other mammals found at lower altitudes include the Anarian wolf and the West Anarian Bear, although their numbers have decreased in recent years due to the expansion of farming, lumber and mining operations, leading to an increase in poaching and shooting of the animals for protection.

History

Pan-Anarian War

Il Solitario Gardino, a famous photograph of a member of the Anisoran Gardini mountain warfare unit in the North Bhazens, during the Pan-Anarian War.

During the Pan-Anarian War, the North Bhazen Mountains were the site of a great deal of fighting, and featured prominently in the manoeuvrings of the armies operating on the Anaria Minor Front, also known as the Tahani, Anisoran, or Western Front. Together with the Greater Bhazens, the mountain range formed a natural barrier between Tahani controlled Anaria Minor, taking up most of the land to the south-west, and Anisoran controlled Anaria Minor, which encompassed most of the land to the mountain range's east and south-east. Consequently, the mountainous region saw considerable amounts of fighting, as well as a substantial build up of fortresses and other military infrastructure projects on both sides.

During the opening phases of the War, numerous campaigns were fought by the Anisoran-led Aschgæt Alliance forces and the Tahani-led United League forces respectively that saw heavy and protracted fighting in the mountains and foothills. Chief among them are the six Bhazen Campaigns which were fought throughout the fifty-year conflict, taking their name from the mountain range in which they were fought. While the majority of the fighting took place in the open plains to the west and south of the North Bhazens, the extensive and prolonged exchanges in the mountains resulted in each side become increasingly proficient at mountain warfare. In particular, the famed Anisoran Gardini, the elite mountain warfare division of the Anisoran Army, gained a reputation as one of the most experienced and formidable fighting units of the War. As well as taking their name from the Dragaric name for the mountain range, the Gardini are closely associated with the North Bhazens, with numerous passes and mountains named or renamed after members of the Gardini and the battles they fought.

Famous and significant battles that were fought primarily in the North Bhazen Mountains include the Battle of Mallaro Ridge (7499) and the Battle of Monte Rizando (7523), the latter of which saw an attritional struggle over the mountain's summit, with some of the worst fighting conditions of the entire War.

See also

Anisora  Anisora portal

Notes

References

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