S. Giulia Tortagno-Nespola, Duchess of Pensano

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Giulia I
Queen of the Dual Kingdom
Duchess of Pensano
Giulia I
Giulia I as Queen of the Dual Kingdom (7363)
Queen of Casella and Pastana (disputed)
Reigned
17 December 7362 - 11 July 7365
(Not crowned)
Predecessor Valerio V and III
Successor Marius I
Prime Minister Marquess of Aviosta
Duchess of Pensano
Reigned
20 April 7360 - 21 July 7365
Predecessor Beneveto, 6th Duke of Pensano
Successor Adriano, 8th Duke and 1st Prince of Pensano
Personal Details
Born 8 April 7345
Miena, Kingdom of Pastana
Died 21 July 7365 (aged 20)
Pena, Kingdom of Casella
Spouse Vittorio, Duke of Liarna
(m. 7363)
Issue None
Full Name Sophia Giulia Tortagno-Nespola
House House of Tortagno-Nespola
Father Beneveto, Duke of Pensano
Mother Isabella, Duchess of Pensano
Religion Peratolian Orkanan

Giulia, 7th Duchess of Pensano (Sophia Giulia Tortagno-Nespola; 8 April 7345 - 21 July 7365), also known as Giulia I, was a Anisoran aristocrat and politician, who between 7362 and 7365 styled herself as Giulia I, Queen of the Dual Kingdom of Casella and Pastana, although she was never crowned. She was the last member of the House of Tortagno-Nespola, which had ruled over Casella since the 69th century, to hold the title Queen, and the last of the royal line of that family. With the death of her elder cousin King Valerio V and III in December 7362, Giulia, as the King's nearest living relative through her aged father the Duke of Pensano, son of Ermino VI and I, was proclaimed Queen by loyalist supporters, although her claim was immediately questioned by many across the Dual Kingdom. The weakness of her claim was underpinned by her questionable parentage, with many believing that she was the child of her mother's affair with the Count of Rulianistro.

In late December 7362 a council of succession was held by the Senate and opinion largely solidified into two factions, the loyalists who supported Giulia and her claim as the rightful Queen and those who supported Marius Decus, Duke of Marra, who had been the most vocal opponent of Giulia and had gathered considerable support within the military and the Senate. As talks broke down, violence broke out and the so-called 'skirmish in the Senate' resulted in the death of four senators. This officially marked the beginning of the Anisoran Civil War, which would rage for the next two years. Many historians have criticised Giulia's handling of the succession talks and the resulting violence, although a number of notable historians feel the blame is more justly placed on the shoulders of the Marquess of Aviosta, her soon to be Prime Minister, who pushed for a more aggressive course of action.

The Civil War waged for two years, a conflict which was largely dominated and dictated by the powerful Marshal, the Duke of Marra. Giulia's aggressive leadership and her somewhat ruthless treatment of 'traitors' alienated her from much potentially sympathetic support, and the military defeats and defections of the loyalist army and navy ultimately led to a collapse of confidence in her cause by early 7365. After the Battle of Milera in early 7365, defections increased and Giulia's support collapsed. She formally surrendered to the Duke of Marra on 12 July 7365. The Treaty of Santorenna forced her to renounce her claim to the throne of the Dual Kingdom and that of her family, formally ending over 300 years of Tortagno-Nespola rule. She was executed in Piazza Es. Semundo in Pena on 21 July 7365 before a crowd of thousands.

Giulia is traditionally remembered as an ineffectual tyrant, although this is arguably largely as a result of post-civil war propaganda that celebrated the establishment of the Anisoran Empire by Marius I. In more recent years, however, she has become a popularly romanticised figure in Anisora, being seen instead as a talented young warrior (although she never led troops herself, she was intimately involved in loyalist military affairs) who fought for the rightful claim of the Tortagno-Nespola family to the thrones of Anisora against the military tyranny of the Duke of Marra, soon to be Marius I. More negative portrayals of the first emperor tend to show Giulia in a much more positive light as the defender of liberty, senatorial power and the traditional aristocracy, each of which, according to pessimistic treatments, Marius I dismantled after Giulia's execution.

Contents

Early Life

Education

Marriage

Succession

Anisoran Civil War

Execution

Legacy

Titles, styles, arms and honours

Titles and styles

Arms

Notes

References

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